Create a pattern for printing on t-shirt

From this lesson you will learn how to create a texture for further application on a T-shirt. We start with the main element, then the minor details linking the entire image together.

Step 1. Before you begin work, you need to search for the material in order to be filled with inspiration, to search on websites for suitable images. In our case, photos of tattoos and photos of a good quality human skull are suitable.

Step 2. When the search is completed and all the elements for creating a pattern are collected (in this case, a decorative skull), we can proceed to the layout in Photoshop (you can find an example of the image in the archive in the CD FILES folder, skull.psd). Print the image in black and white, A4 size.

Step 3. Now, using the printed image, draw patterns by overlaying transparent paper over the skull. Draw so that it was clear that this is a skull. Apply only half, in the future we will reflect the drawing in Photoshop. The author used a pencil to draw the outlines more clearly. Now scan the image.

Step 4. After scanning, open the image in Photoshop. Convert the image to grayscale, Image – Mode – Grayscale (Image – Mode – Grayscale). Then using Image – Adjustment – Levels (Image – Correction – Levels) make the image clearer.

Step 5. Using Dodge tool (O) (Brightener tool), with Medium Tone parameters and 50% Exposure, clear the spots that the pencil left on the image.

Step 6. Next, we need to duplicate the left side and reflect. In the layers palette make a copy with the image, then turn on the free transform Ctrl + T and flip horizontally. Change the blending mode to Multiply (Multiply) and align the new half of the skull with the original. Make a new A4 print.

Step 7. To add more effects to the skull, draw flames from the mouth and behind the head. Again, you need to draw only one side, so you can achieve perfect reflection. Draw a fire, scan, edit the image using the same method as previously applied with the skull (Brightener, Levels).

Step 8. Cut the scanned image using the Polygonal Lasso Tool (L) (Tool “Lasso”) and place in the right places, behind the skull and around the mouth. Reduce the opacity of the skull layers to 50%.

Step 9. By lowering the opacity, you can see which layers overlap. Using the same tool, select, and then remove those places where the flame passes through the bones, that is, so that the fire is not transparent, remove parts of the skull.

Step 10. After you have cleaned the extra space, duplicate the layer and expand it as we did with the skull. Using the command Image – Adjustments – Threshold (Image – Correction – Isohelium) make the drawing black and bold. Since our design will be printed on a black T-shirt, we need to invert the color, click Ctrl + I.

Step 11. Now create areas with shadow. Via Magic wand tool (W) (Tool “Magic Wand”) select the desired areas, starting with the crown and further down. Then create a new layer and fill it. Gradient tool (G) (Tool “Gradient”), the settings of which look at the image above. Each section with a gradient should be on different layers. You can experiment with settings. The author poured the crown on the skull so that it is well different from the face.

Step 12. To finally finish the shadows, create a new layer (calling it “Highlights”), using the same Magic wand tool (W) (Magic Wand tool) select the eyes and teeth, then select Brush tool (B) (Brush tool), white, Brush opacity 50%, and draw around these selections.

Step 13. Merge all layers with gradient together. Create a new document with the same diameter as the working one, and drag the gradient layer into this document. Further Image – Mode – Bitmap (Image – Mode – Bit format), click “Yes” if asked to flatten. In the next window, change the settings: 300 pix / inch, Method – Halftone raster. Then in the last window we change: Angle 45º, Liniatura 40. Return the Mode back to the Grayscale and drag the layer to the main document. Repeat this operation with the “Highlights” layer.

Step 14. On both layers with a shadow, put the blending mode. Screen (Lighten) and look for the old layers with a shadow (not converted to bit mode) to be hidden. Arrange all the layers correctly and merge the layers with the shadow and lines. We need another document. Select File – New (File – New) and create a document with the parameters of 35×24 cm. Drag the skull into it. Using new guides View – New Guide (View – New guideline), horizontally and vertically 50%, place the drawing in the center of the document.

Step 15. We need to create four more skulls around the main one. Duplicate the skull layer, then click Ctrl + T. Drag the duplicate to the top left corner. Repeat this for the rest of the directions. Now you can add minor elements, such as diamonds, lightning, raindrops, then reflect and place these figures in different directions according to the document. These elements are also available in the archive, a link to which is in the second step.

Step 16. It now remains to impose color. Change Document Mode to CMYK, Create a new layer and fill it with your favorite color. Change the blending mode to match the selected color. If you duplicate a layer, it will turn out even better.

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