Create your own galaxy in Photoshop – Part II

The galaxy is a huge cluster of stars, gas, dust and planets. According to astronomers in the galaxy can be from 10 million to 100 trillion. stars, and the entire galaxy, approximately, there are 170 billion in the entire universe. They differ in their form – from spiral and elliptical to irregular.

This is the cosmic landscape devoted to today’s lesson.

(click on image to enlarge)

Part II

Step 4 – Dust and Stars.
Now we will add some interesting stars outside the galaxy, as well as some space dust. But first find the desired layer indicated on the screenshot, which is in the group with the galaxy.

Create an adjustment layer Hue / Saturation (Hue / Saturation) and create a clipping mask, as they did before, so that the layer only affects the bottom one.

Now change the settings for this adjustment layer. We get more violet – blue hue.

Create a new layer under the group with the galaxy and find the proposed brush.

In the brush settings option Form Dynamics (Shape Dynamics) set the setting Pen pressure (Pen Preassure), Choose a dark blue color.

Now just draw some areas of cosmic dust around our galaxy.

Reduce the brush size and paint some more dusty clouds in the same blue and darker color.

For stars, select the brush you created in the previous lesson in this series and set the color to white.

Draw the stars around our galaxy.

Then just delete some of them. Eraser (Eraser) with a large soft brush, as shown below, to avoid repetition and type of pattern.

Create a new layer at the very top of the layers palette, and with white color, without reducing the brush size, draw the stars over the cloud again, as shown below.

Now create a new layer above the previous one, and create a clipping mask so that the effect of the layer is only on the big stars.

Choose a large soft brush and an intense blue color, now just paint over some of the stars.

Change the color to bright yellow, and paint the other stars. Below you can see the result of this process.

Let’s continue and add an orange hue to the stars.

Now find the star layer created earlier and repeat the same steps.

When finished, select the two layers with the stars, and the layers with color affecting them, and make copies.

Dump copies and in the menu Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (Filter-Blur-Gaussian blur) apply such settings as in the screenshot.

After applying the filter, drag this layer below the star layer and delete the original color layer.

Then we repeat the exact same steps for the other layers with the stars at the top of the cloud, only this time we will merge both the resulting layers.

After merging the layers, simply remove some of the stars.

Select a brush as shown in the screenshot and reduce its size. In the settings of the brush enable Form dynamics (Shape Dynamics) and Transmission (Transfer).

And finally, choose blue to add more dust, where there is a cluster of stars. When done, drag the layer below the group with the galaxy.

Step 5 – Big Stars.
It’s time to add more stars. Add larger ones, they will be as if closer to us.
Activate the tool Gradient (Gradient Tool), set the radial in the settings and select the blue gradient as in the screenshot below.

Now on a new layer draw a gradient in a dark zone with clouds.

Change a little gradient tint on the menu. Image – Correction – Hue / Saturation (Image-Adjustments- Hue / Saturation).

Set the blending mode for this layer to Overlap (Overlay) and can see the result.

Choose a tool Brush (Brush) from the loaded set, and check the settings of the brush palette, as in the screenshot below.

Take away Pipette color directly from our newly created gradient, as shown below, and from the clouds around it.

Now create a new layer and start drawing the highlighted clouds around
our stars, as shown below, changing the size of the brush, as needed.

Select the blue and dark blue from the nearby cloud.

Draw these colors to highlight the main points, and make the image look more interesting.

Activate the tool Finger (Smudge Tool) and process the clouds a little where exactly, you can see in the screenshot.

Select tool again Brush (Brush), the settings do not need to be changed, unless the size of the brush. Now add a few strokes on the areas spread by the tool Finger (Smudge

Back to the tool Finger (Smudge Tool). Use the settings on the screenshots.

The author decided to create a stream on the border of the clouds to give the image dynamics.

Create a new layer for the next star. Creating a new layer for each of them, you will be able to make changes if necessary.
Now re-activate the tool Gradient (Gradient Tool).

Draw a star as shown below.

If desired, you can change the blending mode for this layer to Hard light (Hard Light) or Overlap (Overlay).

Now create a special star. To do this, create a new layer and use the tool Gradient (Gradient Tool).

Set this layer overlay mode to Hard light (Hard Light).
Choose a tool Finger (Smudge Tool). Use the settings on the screenshots.

Process the star by pulling it with your finger, as shown in the screenshot.

Create another layer and draw a star to the left of the galaxy.

Set this layer overlay mode to Hard light (Hard Light) and give the star a yellowish tint using the option Hue / Saturation (Hue / Saturation).

And just as before handle the star with the tool. Finger (Smudge Tool).

Just pull out these strips like in the screenshot.

Step 6 – Planets.
In this step we will add some small planets to our composition. Activate the tool Ellipse (Ellipse Tool) and create a circle. We will add a texture to it.

Note translator: The author shows the process of creating one planet, but in this way you can create as many planets as you like. The author himself created two planets.

Now select a gray color for the shape and rasterize the layer.

Choose black and click on the transparent pixel lock icon in the layers panel, standing on a layer with a circle.

Now using the tool Brush (Brush) select a brush pattern from a special set, and draw a few strokes for the texture on the created circle.

To load a selection circle, click on the thumbnail of this layer with the key pressed CTRL.

Now go to the menu Filter – Distortion – Spherization (Filter-Distort-Spherize) and apply the filter twice with the settings below.

Duplicate the layer with the sphere and hide the original, maybe you still need it.

Scale the planet in the menu Editing – Transforming – Scaling (Edit-Transform-Scale) and place it at the bottom of our composition.

Now add the adjustment layers for the planet, and the first will be the adjustment layer Levels (Levels). Do not forget to add a clipping mask so that the correction acts only on the planet. To do this, go to the menu Layers – Create Clipping Mask (Layers-Create Clipping Mask).

Settings for the adjustment layer Levels (Levels) see below.

Create another adjustment layer Levels (Levels) and place it above the first.

Settings for the second adjustment layer Levels (Levels).

Now add an adjustment layer. Color balance (Color balance). Settings below.

Using a brush, on the first layer with Levels, mask the specified area to show the light on the planet.

Repeat the same steps for the second layer with Levels, and turn on the light where the light also falls.

Create a new layer and activate the tool. Gradient (Gradient Tool). Choose the gradient we used earlier and draw a glow from the center of the galaxy to the planet.

Set the blending mode for this layer to Screen (Screen), and on the layer mask with a large soft brush, mask the indicated areas to avoid glow in the shadows.

Using the tool Polygonal Lasso (Polygonal Selection Tool) create a selection for the planet with Feathering (Feather) about 7 pixels.

Once the selection is complete, activate the layer mask with the glow, and a soft brush with Opacity (Opacity) about 51% mask the area in the selection to create a shadow trail from the planet.

Now add another layer with a gradient from the center of the galaxy, as shown below.

And also set the blending mode for this layer to Screen (Screen).

Distort the gradient layer relative to the galaxy in the menu Editing – Transform – Distort (Edit-Transform-Distort).

Take a soft brush, and mask a gradient at the top of the mask, in the areas shown in the screenshot below.

Again work on the mask with a soft brush, but now reduce its size.

Make sure you have a soft brush with Opacity (Opacity) is about 51%, and mask the areas as shown below to create a stream appearance on the galaxy.

Create a new layer, and also fill it with a gradient. Then distort it relative to the galaxy, but this time vertically. How to do this, see the screenshots.

Finally, set the blending mode for this layer to Soft light (Soft light).

Here is the result of our work at this stage.

Step 7 – Space Fleet
Now let’s add, finally, elements of human technology, that is, spacecraft, plowing the expanses of the universe in search of a new home.
We use the shape of the ship, which we did in this lesson in 10 step, or use the already prepared brush from the proposed set in the same lesson in the first part.

On a new layer, print one ship as shown below.

Via Editing – TRanformation – Distortion (Edit – Transform – Distort) slightly distort the ship, sending it “nose” down.

Now just make a few copies of this ship and slightly change their shape and position, as shown below.

Merge all the ships in one layer and block the transparent pixels, as we have already done with the planet.

Choose a soft brush and select a color for it from the stars nearby the ships.

Now draw the lighting on each ship, considering the light source.

Reduce the size of the brush to 1 pix. and in the same light blue color draw the lights on the ships.

Now pick a more intense blue color, as shown in the screenshot, and find the brush in Photoshop listed below.

Create a new layer and draw the exhaust lights on it behind each ship.

Then go back to the light blue shade and draw it over the created lights.

Finally, using the tool Finger (Smudge Tool) decorate the lights of the ships, adding stripes on the glow from the engines.

This is the result of our hard work. The author really hopes you enjoyed it.
work on his lesson, and now you have learned how to create space scenes.

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