Glass ball

Today we will create a hollow glass ball.

Materials for the lesson:

Step 1. To do this, open the image with a newspaper. Create a new layer by pressing the keys (Shift + Ctrl + Alt + N) or click on the icon Create a new layeron the layers palette. And using the tool Oval selection (Elliptical Marquee Tool) while holding the keyShift create a round selection.

Step 2. On the color palette

choose a color D6D3C0.

Using tool Paint bucket tool (Fill) fill the selection with color D6D3C0. Remove selection Ctrl + D or in the menu Select / Deselect (Select \ Unselect).

Step 3. On the layers palette, click on the icon Add a Layer Style (Layer Style):
Inner shadow(Inner shadow):

Step 4. Create a new layer (Shift+Ctrl+Alt+N) \ Create a new layer and make a binding Ctrl+ Alt + G or click RMB (right mouse button) on the top layer and select Create clipping mask \CreateClippingMask. On the color picker, select a color. 65645F. Choose a tool Gradient , settings below:

And draw a gradient from red points to blue the point.

Press keyD (to restore default colors) and
add a layer mask\ Add layer mask .

Select in the settings Radial gradient (Radial gradient) and swipe from center to edge.

Step 5. Duplicate Layer1 \ Layer 1 keystrokes (Ctrl +J) clicking on Layer1 move to the top (or holding Ctrl +square bracket on the keyboard).

*Pay attention to the screenshot, do not lose the binding (clipping mask), the binding must be at the duplicated layer.

Lower Fill \ Fill before 0% (A) and double-click on the Layer Styles icon. Use the following effect settings for the layer style.
Inner Shadow \Inner shadow:

Inner Glow \Internal luminescence:

Step 6. Create a new layer. Take the tool Brush Tool \ Brush.

front color \foreground – white. Click once in the center of our circle and apply Filter \ Blur \ Gauss Blur \Filter / Effects / Gaussian Blur, radius – 25 px

With active Layer 3, hold the key Ctrl and click on Layer 1 (selection of Layer 1 will load) and add layer mask Add layer mask (this will get rid of all the white pixels outside of our glass ball). Change the Opacity\Opacityof our layer on thirty%

Step 7. Create a new layer (Layer 4), select the brush tool \Brush tool, rigidity\ hardness100%, size about 20 px
Colour\ foreground – white or close to it FFFFE8 and create a highlight on the ball.

Apply Filter \ Blur \ Gauss Blur radius – 5 px.
Add a layer style \Add a Layer Style
Outer Glow \External glow:

Step 8. Make active Layer 1 copy (by clicking on it), Fill \Fill25%

If it seems to you that the base is too bright (marked with a red arrow), you can lower the opacity \ opacityLayer 1 copy in layer style settings Inner Shadow \Inner shadow.

We make the lower layer (Background) active, that is, the layer with the newspaper, create a new layer. With active Layer 5 we press Ctrl + click by layer Layer 1 copy.
Press keyD (to restore colors to default), apply the Gradient \ tool.Gradient tool, from black to transparent, radial.

Apply the transformation \ transform,by clicking Ctrl + T and pull the upper rectangle (A) towards the center (B), pressEnter, to complete the conversion and deselect Ctrl + D.

We now need to move this shadow to the right.Select tool Move \Move Tool and move the shadow a little to the right.

Change the opacity \opacity on 50% and apply Filter \ Blur \ Gaussian Blur, radius from 2-5 px.

Step 9. Now we need to distort the image in the ball. Make sure that Layer 5 – active,
Push Ctrl + click by Layer 1 copy , to load the selection Layer 1 copy
Apply Filter \ Distortion \ Spherization (Filter / Distort / Spherize …) power\Amount – 100%, mode \Mode – normal\Normal.

Make the newspaper layer active and click Ctrl + F, (apply the previously used filter with the same settings).

Step 10. Transform our highlight. Make active Layer 4, click on Ctrl + T and apply these settings:

This was our final step. And here is the result:

Author’s note: You can make the ball even more realistic, using the instructions in the lesson, experimenting with the settings, always try to use the environment to enhance the effects you use. To make the result look more realistic, buy a glass ball or collect images of glass balls. This is the best way to learn highlights, shadows and effects.

Good luck!

Transfer: Oksana Gudkova

Link to the source of the lesson

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