The patterns of the nineties are remembered for their bright colors and simple geometric shapes. In this tutorial, I will show you how to create a geometric pattern in the style of the 90s using Photoshop vector properties.
To be inspired to create such a pattern, I recommend that you look for images on the theme of the 90s on the GraphicRiver website.
1. How to Prepare a Document for a Pattern
Start by creating a new document with a size of 600 by 450 pixels. Click OK.
To create a background, click on the icon to add a new adjustment layer at the bottom of the layers panel and select Solid Color (Colour). In the dialog box that appears, select a bright blue color, and, once you are satisfied with the result, click OK.
Check if the rulers are visible, and if not, click View> Ruler (View> Rulers). Click on the ruler and pull to create a guide, which we need 4 pieces, one from each edge of the canvas – top, bottom, left and right. In the central part of the canvas, limited by guides, we will create our pattern.
2. How to create geometric shapes using Photoshop vector tools
This 90s style pattern contains many geometric shapes, and we will create them step by step. Choose a tool Ellipse (Ellipse). Make sure that the mode is selected in the properties panel. Shape (Figure).
Remember that when creating each shape, we need to use exactly this mode, and therefore check this item every time.
Hold Shift and then click and drag to draw a circle. You can change its color on the property bar. Create two circles – one large and one small.
Now draw a thin rectangle with the tool. Rectangle (Rectangle).
Duplicate the shape by pressing Ctrl + C, and then Ctrl + V. Rotate the duplicate 90 degrees. Select Combine Shapes (Merge shapes) on the property bar to merge the rectangles into a plus sign. Draw another such plus, but this time thicker and in a different color.
Next, create a ring. Draw another circle, but this time change the fill to None (No color) and increase the stroke thickness. Then create another ring.
Now let’s draw a semicircle, and we will do this by first creating a circle and then cutting it in half with a rectangle. The rectangle must be in mode Subtract Front Shape (Subtract front figure). To transform these two shapes into a single outline, select both shapes, and then Merge Shape Components (Combine the components of the figure). Choose a bright color to fill and None (No color) for stroke.
Create two rectangles and place them on top of each other so that they form an L-shaped shape. Duplicate this shape until you get a zigzag. Make it yellow, and then create another zigzag, but thicker.
With the tool Polygon (Polygon) create a hexagon (as you understand, it should have six sides). Check that the specified number of sides is six before you click and drag to create a shape. At the top, add a few rectangles and select the option Subtract Front Shape (Subtract front figure).
Double click on the layer style and activate the style. Drop Shadow (Shadow).
Add another hexagon, this time in a different size and color.
3. How to arrange objects in a pattern
As I said earlier, the pattern will be located inside the area formed by the guides. First we need to know its exact parameters. Select an area with the tool Rectangular Marquee ( Rectangular area).
Open the information panel by clicking Window> Info (Window> Info). In this panel, you can see the pattern size information. In this case, it is 491 pixels by 359 pixels. Remember these values and write down, if necessary. Remember that measurements must be in pixels, not centimeters, inches, or other units. If your panel shows other units, right-click on the ruler and select pixels.
Place one of the shapes in the corner of the patterned area. When the pattern is formed, the figure will be cut. In the pattern, this figure should appear in the three other corners. What we are going to do in mathematics is called “parallel transfer” (https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parallel_transference), which means moving an object in a given direction.
Duplicate this shape with the Ctrl-J hotkeys. Then press Ctrl-T to place the object. We need extreme precision. Therefore, we will not move it manually, but use the strings to enter information. Please note that in this case our figure is located on the coordinates (59 and 43 pixels).
Pattern width – 491 pixels. We need to move the shape horizontally 359 pixels to the right so that it is located in the corner. Change the x position to 550 pixels (59 (original coordinate) + 491 (canvas width)).
Now we want the zigzag to appear in the lower right corner. Give the last shape the following coordinates: 550 pixels, 402 pixels. The new coordinate, 402, is obtained by adding 43 (the old y coordinate) and 359 (the height of the canvas).
Finally, we want to place another zigzag in the remaining corner. We can duplicate the first shape and move it down by the number of pixels equal to the height of the pattern.
If we are not satisfied with the result, then we can mix them. Remember that we need to move them only together, otherwise we will have to repeat the procedure of parallel transfer to save the pattern. You can do this by selecting the appropriate layers, and then using the tool Move (Move).
Add another shape, this time not to the corner, but to the edge of the pattern. In this case, I placed the semicircle on the top edge. Since this is a repeating pattern, another part of the semicircle should appear on the opposite side from below, and therefore we need to duplicate the shape and place it there.
Duplicate the shape. Press Control-T and change its coordinates to the new value, which will be equal to the old coordinate y + the width of the pattern. In this case, this is 52 + 359 = 411.
And now the easy part. You can place objects inside our area as you please, but so that they do not touch the edges, and not worry about breaking the repeating pattern. You can add as many objects as you like if they don’t touch the edges.
Let me remind you: we must not forget about the basic rule of the repeating pattern. If you place a piece on the edge, it should fit on the opposite edge. Take a look at the plus on the left – you need to duplicate it, and then move it to the opposite side.
4. How to save the pattern and use it in Photoshop
Select the area that will become our pattern with the tool. Rectangular Marquee(Rectangular area). Click Edit> Define Pattern (Edit> Define Pattern). In the next dialog box, enter the name of the pattern and click OK.
To use this pattern, all you have to do is click. Edit> Fill (Edit> Run Fill). Select the content: Pattern and select the pattern we created, and then click OK.
Below you see the finished pattern in the style of the 90s. In this small tutorial, I showed you some useful pieces that will help you create a repeating pattern using the parallel transfer method.
Thank you for reading this lesson. If you have created your own pattern – be sure to share the result in the comments.