Scrapbook – Part I

Shadows and light make objects realistic. The so-called “Bulletin Board”, is a popular type of graphics used in the network and print projects, but often they look unrealistic because of the lack of volume, due to the lack of light and shadows.

In part 1 of the lesson you will learn how to create a wood texture under the base of the board, and then how to create shadows and highlights on the objects placed on the board. To begin with, we will create the board itself and the first sticker on it.

Step 1 – Creating a Corkwood Texture
Create a new document (Size: 600 by 400 pixels). Size depends on your choice. These sizes will be used in this lesson.
Rename the first layer – name it “cork”.

Tip: Be sure to select the Outline mode, not the Layer Layer, this mode will be needed throughout this lesson.

Using Rectangle tool , create a shape (Size: 480px by 280px).
Tip: In order for the shape to be fixed (of a given size), go through – Tool Parameters Rectangle – Target Size.

Right-click on the rectangle and select “To form the selected area”. Make the foreground color # a37d54 and the background color # 4e2f0d. These two colors are shades of brown.
Using filters, create a corkwood texture. First use Filter> Rendering> Clouds (Filter> Render> Clouds).

Tip: CTRL + D Deselect all.

Continue Filter> Sketch> Postage Paper, (Tone balance: 32, grain: 11 and Relief: 12).
Go to Filter> Strokes> Spraying (Filter> Brush Strokes> Spatter) (Spray radius: 15 Mitigation: 10).
Let’s add a dark color, go Image> Correction> Light \ Shadows
(Image> Adjustments> Shadow / Highlight)
(Shadows – Quantity: 50%, Width of the tone range: 83%, Radius: 208px.
Light – Quantity: 0%, Width of the tonal range: 50%, radius: 30px.
Correction – Color Correction: +20, Medium Tone Contrast: -17.)
The figure below shows the result.

Step 2 – Corkboard Frame
At this stage we will create a wooden frame.
Create a new layer below the cork layer and rename it as frame.
Using the tool Rounded Rectangle , create a shape (Size: 502px at 302px and Radius: 10px).
Right-click on the rectangle and select “To form a selected area “.
Tip: ALT + BACKSPACE – fill the resulting selection with the current color.

Fill the rectangle with color # 4e2f0d then deselect.

Tip: To select two or more layers, SHIFT + click on a layer.
Tip: To align two or more layers relative to each other, select the layers
Select the Move Tool, on the Options Bar, click the Align Center Horizontally button and Align Center Vertically:

Now, in the center is both the cork layer and the frame layer. The figure below shows the result.

Step 3 – Board Frame – Creating Corner Gaps
To make the frame look believable on each side, we need to create gaps in the corners. At this stage, the main thing is to correctly determine the boundaries of the sides of the frame and place the sides on separate layers.
You will need to repeat the steps for all corners of the frame. Create a new layer on top of the “frame” layer and below the “cork” layer, name it “diagonal lines”.
We will use these lines as guides to create our gaps.
Zoom in and use Pen tool , hold SHIFT and create a 45 degree angle.

Tip: Make sure the size of the brush diameter for the Pencil tool is 1px.

Pen tool and the layer “diagonal lines” are active, right-click, select “Outline the contour ». Select Pencil tool From the drop-down menu, click OK, then right-click again and select Delete contour.

Repeat step 2 for all corners of the frame.

Step 4 – Wooden frame, creating individual elements
We will use the newly created diagonal lines as the basis for the selection of frame elements.
To highlight the right side of the frame, use Pen tool . After stroking the right side, right-click and select To form a selected area (Make Selection).

In order to move the right border to a new layer, you just need to create a duplicate of the layer “frame” with the right side selected. Rename the new layer “frame right”. Repeat step 3 for all other frame sides.
After that, you should have all sides of the frame on the new layers.
So now we can remove the “diagonal lines” layer and the “frame” layer.

Step 5 – Wood Frame, Gradient Overlay
It’s time to make our frame more realistic. Apply a gradient to it. Let’s start from the right edge.

Tip: To get to the layer’s Blending Options settings window, right-click on this layer and select Overlay options (Blending Options).
Tip: To add a gradient, select Gradient overlay.

In the blending options for the layer “frame right”, apply Gradient overlay (Gradient Overlay):
Angle: 0 degrees, Gradient Editor: first gradient color: # e77d15, second: # f69834, third: # 804504.
Now, the “frame top” layer, apply other gradient options:
The first color: # e77d15, the second: # f4942d, the third: # d16f04.
Then layer “frame left”:
The first color: # 0d550e, the second: # f4942d, the third: # d16f04.
Finally, the “frame bottom” layer:
The first color: # 6e3c0b, the second: # f4942d, the third: # d16f04.
The figure below is the result.

Step 6 – Wooden frame, creating a texture under the tree
Remember that you will have to repeat this step for all other sides of the frame.
Duplicate the “right frame” layer, right-click on the duplicate layer that should be called the “right frame (copy)” and select “Clear layer style“.

Tip: CTRL + J to duplicate the layer.
Tip: CTRL + click on a layer thumbnail to select its contents.

Select the contents of the “frame right (copy)” layer (CTRL + click on the layer thumbnail). Fill the selection with color # d48631. Go to Filter> Noise> Add Noise (Filter> Noise> Add Noise) (Quantity: 33.03%, Gaussian and Monochrome Distribution).
Go to Filter> Blur> Motion Blur (Filter> Blur> Motion Blur) (Angle: 90 Offset: 24 pixels).
Go to Filter> Plastic (Filter> Liquify) (Brush size: 8, Brush density: 50 and Brush pressure: 100).
Use the “sight” mark in the Plastic filter window (Liquify), drag, stretch and rotate the cursor over the contents of the “frame right (copy)” layer to make the knots.
Hint: You can change the opacity of a layer in the layers palette:

The opacity of the “frame right (copy)” layer is 50%.
Rename this layer “frame right texture”, the group in which there are all layers associated with the right side, rename it to “right border”.
The figure below is the result.

Repeat step 5 for all other sides of the frame.

Step 7. Cork board. Inner Shadow
Let’s add a light shadow to the top of the board’s inner surface.
In the blending options of the cork layer, apply the Inner Shadow style (mode: Normal, Color: # 000000, Opacity: 100%, angle: 90 degrees, offset: 1px, drag: 0%, Size : 3px).
The figure below is the result.

Step 8. Note
Create a new layer and name it paper. Select Tool Rectangular area (Rectangular Marquee Tool) and make a selection as shown below:

Select the “paper” layer and fill the selection with white.
In the Blending Options layer, apply the style Gradient overlay (Gradient Overlay) (Gradient Editor: First color: # d1d1d1, second: # ededed).
Then apply the Shadow style (Opacity: 100%, Angle: 90 degrees, Offset: 1px, Span: 0%, Size: 5px).
Right-click on the styles of the paper layer and select the Create layer option. Click OK when you see this dialog:

Step 9. Note – we give it realism
The key transformation tool here is Deformation (Warp tool).
Tip: Ctrl + T to call Free transformation (Free Transform Tool), right-click on the selection and select the item Deformation (Warp).
Select the “paper” layer and make it active. Warp tool (Warp tool).
Pull the corner of the sheet as if the wind was blowing on it.

Do the same with the second bottom corner.
Below is the result.

Step 10. Paper – Light
Now we will create the highlights created by the lighting at these corners.
Tip: Click + ALT + SHIFT + N to create a new layer with a clipping mask.

Tip: move the layer in the layers panel to move it higher or lower relative to another layer.

Create a new layer with a clipping mask above the “paper’s gradient Fill” layer, rename it to “lower right corner”, from the Blending Mode drop-down menu select the mode Lightening.

Tip: the gradient editor looks like this:

Select Gradient tool (Gradient Tool), configure it (First color: # 000000, second color: # FFFFFF, third color: # 000000).
Draw a gradient from the bottom of the sheet to the center, as shown below:

Use the tool Free transformation (Free Transform) to resize, rotate the flare layer. In addition, you can reduce the opacity to make the image look more believable. Add highlights to other corners of the sheet.
The figure below shows the result.

Step 11. Note – Shadows
Now add some shadows. Select the “Paper Shadow” layer, move the shadow down a few pixels and lower the Opacity to 60%. Just as we transformed the light, transform and shadow:

Below is the result:

Step 12. Paper – Handwriting
Let’s write something on paper. Create a new layer, select the tool. Text, select the type of handwritten font, the author chose “Journal” (Size: 26px), change the font color to # 414040 and write something on paper.
The figure below shows the result.

Look for the continuation in part II.
In part 2 of this lesson we will deal with adding new objects to the board.

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