Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin, a Soviet cosmonaut, was the first man to fly into space, his Vostok ship made a single revolution around the Earth on April 12, 1961. In this Photoshop tutorial, you will learn how, step by step, to create an impressive retro-style poster dedicated to the flight of Yuri Gagarin. We will combine different stock images, textures and brushes, use different blending modes and filters to create this poster. If you are ready to start, let’s get started!
Materials for the lesson:
Step 1. Start Photoshop and create a new document, select the size for the poster you need. Keep in mind that if you are going to print this poster later, put a high resolution (150 – 300 ppi) and a Color Mode CMYK. Especially for this lesson (and further use only on the network), I created a 800×1200 pixel document, RGB Color Mode (resolution) and 72 pixels / inch.
Step 2. First download and open this image of the starry sky.
Via Free Transform (FreeTransform) (Ctrl + T) rotate and reduce the size of the image so that it matches the size of your workspace.
Create an adjustment layer Hue / Saturation (Hue/Saturation) (Layer – New adjustment layer – Hue / Saturation – Layer > NewAdjustmentLayer > Hue/Saturation), Lower the value for Saturation to -60 and the Lightness value to -15 to reduce color saturation.
Step 3. Open the astronaut image in Photoshop.
Zoom in the image view, take the tool Pen (PenTool) (P), create a contour around the astronaut. We need to separate the astronaut from the background. After creating the desired contour and closing it, right-click on the contour and select Make Selection in the pop-up menu.
Copy and paste the astronaut image into your main job, zoom out and place it on the bottom right, as shown below.
Select from the menu Image – Correction – Hue / Saturation (Image > Adjustments > Hue/Saturation), set the following values.
Duplicate astronaut layer (Ctrl + J), apply to copy Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (Filter > Blur > GaussianBlur) with a value of 1.4 pixels for the radius, lower the Opacity of the layer to 50%.
Step 4. Upload an image of the Earth.
Open it in Photoshop. Using the selection tool Oval area (EllipticalMarqueeTool) (M), create a selection around the earth. Copy image (Ctrl + C) and paste it (Ctrl + V) in your work, reduce its size and position this layer behind the astronaut.
Decrease the saturation of colors for the image of the Earth, set the value for Saturation -40 (Image – Correction – Hue / Saturation – Image > Adjustments > Hue/Saturation).
Ctrl + click on the thumbnail of the layer with Earth on the layers palette to load the selection around the Earth. Create a new layer, and on this new layer fill the selection with black. Move the black circle to the right, making part of the planet visible.
Apply to the black circle layer. Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (Filter > Blur > GaussianBlur) with a radius of 30 pixels. With this, we created a shadow covering the planet, thereby adding realism.
Lower the Opacity of the black circle to 80%.
Step 5. Add a highlight to our work. Create a new layer, fill it with black (# 000000). Select from the menu Filter – Rendering – Blick (Filter > Render > LensesFlare). Change the Lens Type to the Start Movie (Movie Prime), make sure the Brightness value is 100%.
Change the blending mode of this layer to Screen (Screen), move the layer so that the flare falls exactly on the edge of the Earth, located in the brightest place on the planet’s surface
Step 6. Download a free sample from the Vintage Clouds texture set.
Add texture to your main job, discolor it – Image – Correction – Discolor (Image > Adjustment > Desaturate) (Ctrl + Shift + U), reduce the size and change the layer blending mode to Screen (Screen).
Adjust the values for Levels (Image – Correction – Levels – Image > Adjustment > Levels), so that the texture is better suited to our poster.
Download and open the Red Nebula image in Photoshop.
Discolor image (Image – Correction – Discolor – Image > Adjustment > Desaturate), put it in your main job, reduce it with Free Transform (FreeTransform) (Ctrl + T), Arrange as shown below.
Change the blending mode of this layer to Screen (Screen), add layer mask (Layer – Layer Mask – Show All – Layer > LayerMask > RevealAll). Set black as primary color. (# 000000). Take the tool Gradient (GradientTool) (G), select the type of gradient from basic to transparent in the settings, and, being on the layer mask, drag the gradient through the edges of the image with the nebula to hide them on the layer mask and make a smooth transition to the rest of the background.
Set as primary color # 640775, take the tool Brush (BrushTool) (B), and, having chosen a soft brush of a large size, make one print of this brush over the nebula (on a new layer).
Change the blending mode of the layer with a color spot to Multiplication (Multiply), add clipping mask (Layer – Create Clipping Mask – Layer > CreateClippingMask) (Ctrl + Alt + G). Duplicate this layer (Ctrl + J), set copy mode to copy Soft light (SoftLight).
Download and open the satellite image in Photoshop.
Separate it from the background using the tool. Pen (PenTool) (P), put in your work.
Open the Layer Style window, double click on the satellite layer. Add style Color overlay (ColorOverlay) with the specified settings.
Duplicate the satellite layer, apply for the copy Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (Filter > Blur > GaussianBlur) With a radius of 1.4 pixels, change the blending mode of this layer to Soft light (SoftLight), Lower the Opacity of the layer to 90%.
Step 7. Now add the planet to our work, which we will create from the texture. Download a set of rust textures.
Select the texture you like, I took Metal_V1_1109, open it in Photoshop.
Create a selection in the form of a circle using the tool Oval area (EllipticalMarqueeTool), hold the Shift key to get even proportions for the circle. Move the circle to your main job.
Reduce the circle with Free Transform (FreeTransform) (Ctrl + T).
Load a selection of this circle (to do this, Ctrl + click on the layer thumbnail on the layers palette), apply Filter – Distortion – Spherization (Filter > Distort > Spherize), set the value for Amount to 100%. This will give the circle a spherical volumetric shape, we will get the basis for the planet.
Move the planet to the top left corner.
Add the following Layer styles: External glow (Outerglow) and Color overlay (Coloroverlay).
Create a shadow covering the planet using the technique described in step 4. The result should look like this.
Add light colors to our work. First create a new layer. Set the main color to pale pink. #eebbfb. Take the tool Brush (BrushTool) (B), select a large soft brush and brush print on the created layer.
Apply to layer Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (Filter > Blur > GaussianBlur) with a blur radius of 130 pixels. Lower the Opacity of this layer to 70%, this will create a soft effect of combining all the elements in the work and the background.
Create another new layer (Ctrl + Shift + N), set green as primary # 2cbe7e. Take the tool Brush (BrushTool), select a large soft brush and make an imprint on it this time at the top of your work.
Apply Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (Filter > Blur > GaussianBlur) with a blur radius of 150 pixels, lower the Opacity of this layer to 50%.
Step 8. Click Ctrl + A, To select the entire area of your work, select in the menu Editing – Copy merged data (Edit > CopyMerged) (Shift + Ctrl + C) and paste the result on a new layer (name this layer “original” – “original”). Duplicate the “original” layer twice, set for two copies the blending mode Multiplication (Multiply).
Temporarily hide the visibility of the topmost layer. Go to the second layer from the top (the one above the “original” layer) and apply to it Filter – Stylization – Edge selection (Filter > Stylize > FindEdges). Lower the Opacity of this layer to 20% and change the blending mode to Overlap (Overlay). The result will look like this (with the top layer hidden).
Return the visibility of the topmost layer. Apply to it Filter – Stylization – Edge Glow (Filter > Stylize > GlowingEdges) with the following parameters:
Edge Width: 2
Edge Brightness: 8
Bleach this layer by selecting Image – Correction – Discolor (Image > Adjustments > Desaturate) (Shift + Ctrl + U).
Invert the colors of this layer by clicking Ctrl + I.
And lower the Opacity of this layer to 40%.
Go back to the “original” layer, add noise to it by selecting Filter – Noise – Add Noise (Filter > Noise > Addnoise), set the value for the Effect (Amount) 20%, Distribution (Distribution) – According to Gauss (Gaussian), put a tick on Monochromatic.
Change the blending mode of this layer to Soft light (SoftLight).
Download and open this film texture in Photoshop.
Reduce the size of the texture layer to the size of your work, change the blending mode to Linear light (LinearLight), Lower the Opacity of the layer to 25%.
Step 9. It’s time to add text to our work. You will need fonts
and Deftone Stylus.
Download them and install into the system. Let’s start with the first word “Journey”, use the settings shown.
Change the blending mode of the text layer to Soft light (SoftLight), then duplicate this layer, and for the copy layer, set the blending mode Overlap (Overlay).
Use this technique to write all the other words, the text parameter settings are shown below.
Step 10. This is the final step of the lesson. First we will create a correction layer to give our composition the desired color shade. Select from the menu Layer – New Adjustment Layer – Gradient Map (Layer > NewAdjustmentLayer > GradientMap), Create this adjustment layer on top of all layers. Put in the color gradient editor from #onec004bto #fa9900, Lower the Opacity of this adjustment layer to 40%, this will give the work a vintage effect.
Add a frame to our poster. Select all layers on the layers palette and group them together (Ctrl + G), name this group of layers “poster”. Select from the menu Image – Canvas size (Image > CanvasSize) and increase the size of the canvas in width and height by 20 pixels.
Download and open the handmade paper image.
Separate the paper from the background, use the tool for this. Magic wand (MagicWandTool) (W) – click on the white background to select it, and then invert the selected area by selecting in the menu Selection – Inversion (Select > Inverse) (Shift + Ctrl + I).
Copy the paper image and paste it into your main work. Reduce the size of the paper layer to the size of your work, use for this Free transform (FreeTransform) (Ctrl + T). Place the paper layer below the poster group.
Using the selection tool Rectangular area (RectangularMarqueeTool) (M) create a rectangular selection a little smaller than the size of your canvas (15 pixels).
Go to the layers palette on the group of layers “poster”, select in the menu Layer – Mask Layer – Show Selected Area (Layer > LayerMask > RevealSelection).
Go back to the paper layer, lower its saturation a bit – to do this, select Image – Correction – Hue / Saturation (Image > Adjustments > Hue/Saturation), set the value for Saturation -13, for Lightness +34.
On this we are done!