Create a beautiful glass dial, or how to master 40 Photoshop keyboard shortcuts
During the creation of the glass dial in this lesson, you will learn the basic keyboard shortcuts of Photoshop. It is impossible to apply and show all key combinations in just one lesson, but more than 40 combinations described will give you a good start for further learning and mastery.
Take a look at the final result of our work:
Step 1. To begin with, create a new empty document of size. 2304×1708 pixels, resolution 300 dots per inch. This is the resolution used to create this lesson.
Now set up the guides for work. Ensure that the “Snapping“(Snap) is included in the menu Browse> Binding (View> Snap) (Ctrl + Shift +;). Unfortunately, there is no visual indicator that would show the on and off of this function (except for a tick in the menu). Next, click Ctrl + R, to display the rulers, and then using the “Move” (Move Tool – key V) drag the guides with the mouse from the left and top rulers to the center until they “stick” in the center point of our working field. To hide all guides, you can press Ctrl +; in some moment.
If you do something wrong, just click Ctrl + Z, to undo the action. If you need to undo several actions, just press Ctrl + Alt + Z until you cancel the required number of steps.
And now I will show a little trick. You can change the background color of the entire image at once by selecting the “Fill” (Paint Bucket Tool – G), and then clicking anywhere in the workspace with the key held down Shift. Cool?
Step 2. We begin our work with the drawing of the lower layers. First, create a beautiful blue gradient. Select tool “Gradient” (Gradient Tool – G), gradient type – radial (Radial). Now specify the color – # 3e5198 for foreground color, and # 222d53 for background.
The effect we want to achieve is the light center, darker areas at the edges. Visually, this background looks more interesting than a solid fill. After the colors are selected, click in the center of the working area and drag the pointer to the right, then release the button.
Step 3. Now you need to find a suitable texture (the author of the lesson used his own – approx. Translator). Open the image with the texture and drag the layer from the window with the texture onto our image. The new layer should be positioned above the background drawn by us. Scale the picture (Ctrl + T) and arrange as needed. Then put “Blend mode“Layer (blending mode) as”Overlap“(Overlay) (press V, then Shift + or -), and also reduce opacity layer (opacity) up thirty% (press V, then number 3). This will create a beautiful light effect.
Let’s take a quick look at the opacity and fill (Fill) settings in Photoshop. The keys on the numeric keypad allow you to adjust the values (1 = 10%, 2 = 20%, … 0 = 100%) for opacity. Press the digits with Shift pressed and the values for the fill will change. This applies to the selected tool. If the “Move” (Move Tool – V), the numbers will change the values for the current layer. If the brush is selected – the keys on the numeric keypad will adjust the brush, the same for the gradient and fill tools.
Step 4. Create a new layer (Ctrl + Shift + N) and call it “Clock.” Now select the “Oval area” (Elliptical Marquee Tool – M), parameter feathering (Feather) set equal 0, “Pull” the circle with the mouse from the center of the workspace. An important detail – clamp Alt + Shift, to get a circle with a given center.
Leave some free space at the top and bottom of the picture. Click D, to include a pair of black / white in the palette. Now click Alt + del, to fill the selected area with the foreground color (black). Deselect (Ctrl + D). If you do not like the color with which you have just painted a circle, select a different color and click Alt + Shift + Del. Even with the selection removed, only the round area will be filled!
Select the “Clock” layer and the background layer by clicking on it with the key pressed Ctrl (if a selection appears, it means you clicked on the layer icon!). Then click V and buttons “Align vertical centers“And”Align horizontal centers»(Align Vertical Centers / Align Horizontal Centers) on the panel. Now we can be sure that the images of the background and the clock are superimposed on each other correctly – the clock is located exactly in the center.
Note on the command “Fill” (Fill): if you hit Ctrl + Del, then the selected area will be filled with the background color. Alt + del makes the foreground color. The easiest way to remember these combinations is by looking at the keyboard – the Alt key is located to the left of the Ctrl key (if you look at the right side of the keyboard, near the arrows). In turn, in the foreground color palette (Foreground Color) is located to the left of the Background Color.
Step 5. Now add some effects. Double-click on the layer “Clock” in the window with layers – the dialog box “Layer Styles»(Layer Style). Make the following settings (leave everything else as is):
– Shadow (Drop Shadow): opacity / opacity = 65%, angle / angle – 90 (checkbox Global Lighting / Use Global Light is on), offset / distance = 49, size / size = 79.
– Inner shadow (Inner Shadow): opacity / opacity = 65%, offset / distance = 0, drag / choke = 12, size / size = 38.
– Internal glow (Inner Glow): mode / blend mode = darkening the base (Color Burn), color / color = # a32025, size / size = 111
– Stamping (Bevel and Emboss): method / technique = hard cut (Chisel Hard), size / size = 81, softening / soften = 14, backlight-opacity / highlight mode opacity = 45, shadow-opacity / shadow mode opacity = 45 .
– Gradient overlay (Gradient Overlay): click on the gradient field and adjust the opaque (Opacity = 0) solid (Solid) gradient as shown.
Step 6. Now the fun part of the lesson! Draw the numbers for the dial. Select tool “Horizontal text” (Horizontal Type Tool – T) and click anywhere to enter text. Enter the number “00“(A good round number will align it with anything) and make sure the text is centered. Text size – about 40 points (to change the size of the text, press Ctrl + Shift + ). I used font “Helvetica Neue”, but almost any font will do. Click the checkmark button to complete text entry.
Now let’s align the text layer with the background as we did before. Ctrl + click on the background layer, then on the panel with alignment buttons we press the ones needed for alignment in the center (press V before this).
Step 7. Now with the key held down Shift drag the text with the numbers to the top of the circle. Place the numbers so that the upper half extends beyond the outer edge of the circle. The exact arrangement of numbers will allow to align all subsequent numbers correctly.
Now click Ctrl + T for the Free Transform mode. Place the anchor point exactly in the center of the picture (drag it with the mouse with the key pressed) Shift). For greater accuracy, zoom in on the viewing area (Ctrl + Plyus). Change angle on 30 degrees in the settings panel and click the checkmark button to apply the settings.
Now click Ctrl + Alt + Shift + T eleven more times to redo the transformation and create new layers with numbers. It turned out cool!
Step 8. Now we’ll adjust the numbers by writing the correct numbers and orienting them at the right angle. Select the desired text layer, click Ctrl + T. Grab the corner point with the mouse and rotate the number with the key pressed Shift. Double click on the image of the layer and edit the text.
Comment: use the frame around the number to rotate – the easiest way to solve the problem. But there are other options. Try turning 30 degrees, then click on the checkmark button. Now press Ctrl + Shift + T, to repeat the transformation. Use this key combination on each layer with numbers the necessary number of times. Fine!
After all the numbers are fixed and correctly located, select all the numbers by clicking on them with the key pressed. Shift. Click Ctrl + G in order to group all the numbers. Group name “Numbers”.
Step 9. Now we need to copy all the numbers on one layer. Pinch Alt and click on the icon with the eye near the “Numbers” group in the window with layers. This will make all layers except our group invisible. Now click Ctrl + Alt + Shift + E to copy all visible elements onto one new layer. Name the new layer “All Rooms”.
Now turn on the visibility of all other layers (click on the icon with the eye near each layer). Group “Rooms” leave invisible. In this group, we now have editable numbers stored on the dial, and for applying effects and reducing the size of the image, we have a separate layer. In addition, we met with a new key combination!
Step 10. Scale the “All Numbers” layer so that the numbers are inside the dial as shown in the figure. Pinch Alt + Shift when you drag the mouse to keep the proportions and centering.
Put the following effects on the “All Numbers” layer (double click on the layer, leave all other settings in the window without changes, also feel free to try your options – experiment!)
– External glow (Outer Glow): opacity / opacity = 56, color / color = # a32025
– Stamping (Bevel and Emboss): style / style = contour embossing / pillow emboss, size / size = 24, softening / soften = 8, backlight mode-opacity / highlight mode opacity = 30, shadow mode-opacity / shadow mode opacity = 30.
– Gradient overlay (Gradient Overlay): set the colors as shown in the image (#ffffff, # c8c8c8, #ffffff, # c8c8c8, #ffffff). Click New / New to add this gradient to the gradient library, so soon we will need it again.
Step 11. Create a new layer (Ctrl + Shift + N) with the name “Hour hand”. Select tool “Arbitrary shape” (Custom Shape Tool – U) and select the shape of the pencil in the drop-down list of the top panel. A pencil is more like a clock hand. Draw a small, thin hour hand. Click Ctrl + T and holding the key Shift Turn the arrow to the vertical position. Move it so that it leaves the center of the dial, this will make it easier for us to create the next hand. Now paint the outline of the arrow with white color – select the tool “Pen” (Pen Tool – P), right-click and select “Fill” (Fill). Choose white color and click Ok.
Now draw a longer minute hand. Copy the layer with the hour hand (Ctrl + J). Name the new layer “Minute Hand”. Select tool “Rectangular area” (Rectangular Marquee Tool – M) and designate the area that captures the upper part of the arrow. Click Ctrl + T and stretch the little arrow so that it becomes longer.
Step 12. Turn off the visibility of the layer with the minute hand. Select the “Hour hand” layer and drag it to the center of the image so that the hand “attaches” to the center point of the dial. Click Ctrl + T, drag the anchor point to the center of the picture (zoom in if necessary), then rotate the arrow at the desired angle.
Turn on the visibility of the minute hand layer, select it and do the same.
Step 13. Apply effects to both arrows (window “Layer Styles“(Layer Style) will open when you double click on a layer in the window with layers). The minute hand requires setting a slightly larger offset (Distance) in the shadow settings, since in the clock it is attached above the hour hand.
– Shadow (Drop Shadow): opacity / opacity = 55%, offset / distance = 11 (14 for the minute hand), size / size = 13.
– Inner shadow (Inner Shadow): opacity / opacity = 42%.
– Stamping (Bevel and Emboss): method / technique = hard cut (Chisel Hard), size / size = 9, backlight mode-opacity / highlight mode opacity = 55, shadow mode-opacity / shadow mode opacity = 55.
– Gradient overlay (Gradient Overlay): apply the gradient from step # 10, angle / angle = 96.
Step 14. For greater realism, add a few reflections to the arrows. Create a new empty layer (Ctrl + Shift + N) with the name “Backlight”. Click D for black / white, then X, to choose white.
Click B and set the following parameters: diameter = 150, hardness (Hardness) = 0%, opacity (Opacity) = 30% (press number 3). In Photoshop version below CS4, the brush diameter changes with the [and] keys, the rigidity is Shift + [, Shift +].
Draw a white spot somewhere. Now select diameter = 50, hardness = 0%, opacity = 60% (press 6). Click in the center of the previous spot.
Now select the “Oval area” (Elliptical Marquee Tool – M), and with the clamped Alt + Shift Circle a spot from the center. Click V, click inside the selected area and drag the spot on the light surface of the hour hand. Place the reflection on the upper edge of the arrow (it depends on the location of the arrows, but remember that the light comes from above).
After that, clamp Alt and drag a copy of the spot onto another arrow, and place the spots on numbers 7 and 12. Now click Ctrl + D and admire the work done!
Step 15. If you want, add your company logo. Drag the logo to the working document, place the layer with the logo below the layers with the arrows, place on the dial, scale it with Ctrl + T. Right-click on the layer with numbers, select the command “Copy layer style“(Copy Layer Style), then right-click again on the layer with the logo, select the command”Paste style layer»(Paste Layer Style).
Edit the effect of “Stamping”(Bevel and Emboss) to make it look realistic (parameters: size / size = 5, softening / soften = 0).
Step 16. Connect the arrows in the center with the part. Create a new empty layer (Ctrl + Shift + N), call it “Centre”, click with clamped Ctrl on the image layer “Clock“To make a selection. Fill the selection with any color (Ctrl + Del). Deselect (Ctrl + D). Scale the circle to the size of the part in the center (Ctrl + T) – do not forget to hold Alt + Shift.
Now copy the style from the “Clock” layer to the “Center” layer. Adjust the effects of the layer as shown below. The offset in the shadow effect should be slightly larger than the minute hand, because the part is mounted above both hands:
– Shadow (Drop Shadow): offset / distance = 19, size / size = 13.
– Internal glow (Inner Glow): turn off this effect.
Step 17. Now let’s create a glass for the dial. Create a new layer and name it “Glass.” Click and hold Ctrl on the “Clock” layer to make a selection appear. Click D for black / white and then – Ctrl + Del, to fill the selection with white and Ctrl + D, to deselect. Lower layer opacity with glass (Layer Opacity) to 20% (press V, then 2).
Adjust the size of the glass layer (Ctrl + T, then hold down Alt + Shift). Make sure that the “glass” layer does not reach the inside edge of the watch. Look at the drawing.
Create layer mask, To do this, click on the “Add layer mask” (Add Layer Mask) in the window with layers. Select gradient (Gradient Tool – G), type linear (Linear), then select the gradient we created at step 10. Now click on the layer mask to select it. Stretch the gradient diagonally from the top left to the bottom right. This effect will give the layer a reflective surface effect.
Step 18. Continue adding shine to our glass. Create a new layer and name it “Shine“. With clamped Ctrl Click on the “Glass” layer to make a selection. Click D and Ctrl + Del, to fill the selected area with white. Click Ctrl + D, to deselect. Lower the opacity Layer Opacity to 40% (press V, then 4).
Click Ctrl + T and squeeze the layer by dragging the lower current up with the key pressed Shift. Pull off just above the center line. With pressed Alt + Shift pull the right edge to compress the layer relative to its center. Then pull down from top to bottom. Shift. Look at the drawing. Make sure that the oval overlaps the number 12 as shown.
Step 19. Create layer mask for the “Glitter” layer. Select a linear gradient, click D, select a layer mask (click on it), and draw a gradient from the bottom of the oval to its top. Got a glow! But we will add more effects.
Color Note: If you are working on a layer, the key D will include a black / white pair for the foreground color and background color. But if you have a layer mask active, D key choose the opposite pair – white / black. Just click X, to swap two colors in places.
Step 20. Click Ctrl + N, to create a new document. Set the square size 7×7 inches, with resolution 300 dots per inch.
Double click on the background layer, then click Ok to unlock the layer. Fill the layer with black (use the key combinations that you studied above). Run the filter in the menu Filter> Rendering> Blick (Filter> Render> Lens Flare) with the parameters of the lens type / lens type = 105 mm, brightness / brightness = 110%, click Ok.
Now you need to loosen the just applied filter. Click Ctrl + Shift + F, set opacityl (Opacity) = 90%. Click Ok.
Note on the “Loosen” command (Fade): this key combination is applicable only immediately after using the filter. This is an indispensable thing if you need to lower the opacity or change the blending mode of the filter without affecting the pixels of the image itself.
Step 21. Go to Filter> Distortion> Polar coordinates (Filter> Distort> Polar Coordinates). Choose a conversion type Polar to Rectangular (Polar to Rectangular) and click Ok. Do not be afraid of what happened, everything will be fine, I promise!
Now you need to flip the picture vertically. Menu Edit> Transform> Flip Vertically (Edit> Transform> Flip Vertical). Next – again in the menu Filter> Distortion> Polar coordinates (Filter> Distort> Polar Coordinates). This time the conversion type Rectangular to Polar (Rectangular to Polar), click Ok. Take a look at the result! See, I kept my word
Step 22. Now we need to trim all the excess. Turn on the center guides, as we did at the beginning of the lesson. Select tool “Oval area” (Elliptical Marquee Tool – M), drag the circle from the center with the mouse pressed Alt + Shift.
Now click Ctrl + Shift + I, to invert the selection. Click Ctrl + X, to trim the excess. Ctrl + D to deselect.
Step 23 Drag the result to the document with the clock (hold Shift) – the new layer will appear centered. Click Ctrl + T (with clamped Alt + Shift) and bring the new layer to the size of the “Glass” layer.
Rotate the layer so that the highlights are at the top. Click on the button with a daw.
Rename this layer to “Blick” and make sure that it is located above the “Glitter” layer. Click V, hold down Shift and press plus and minus to switch layer blending modes. In our case, the mode “Soft light»(Soft Light) – the most suitable.
Step 24 We still need to work on the “Shine“. Click while holding Ctrl, on this layer, a selection will appear. Make the “Blick” layer active and press Shift + F6 to open the “Feathering(Feather Selection). Enter 100 pixels and click Ok. This will somewhat muffle our flare.
Now create a new layer using cut and copy (Ctrl + Shift + J). Install blending mode layer (blending mode) as “Clarification” (Screen) – press V, then plus or minus. Rename the layer to “Blik2.”
Step 25. Now add another highlight. Create a new layer with the name “Blik3”. Click with a click Ctrl on the “Glass” layer (the selected area will appear). Fill the area with black, but do not clear the selection. We want the highlight to touch only that part of the image that is enclosed in the border of the clock.
Go to menu Filter> Rendering> Blick (Filter> Render> Lens Flare) with the parameters of the lens type / lens type = 50-300 mm, brightness / brightness = 110%, the position of the flare – in the left half of the dial, so that all the flares propagate from left to right. Click Ok.
Reset the selection (Ctrl + D). Click Ctrl + T and rotate the picture so that the brightest part is at the top center. Apply the changes. Blend mode layer (blending mode) set as soft light (Soft Light).
Step 26. And a little more light effects. Create a new layer on top of all the others and name it “Inner Edge”. Further – Ctrl + click on the “Clock” layer (a selected area is created). Fill the selection with white (D, then Ctrl + Del) and clear the selection (Ctrl + D). Via Ctrl + T reduce the circle so that the edge of the circle coincides with the inner edge of the clock, as shown in the figure.
Cut out the excess. Ctrl + click on a layer Glass (make sure the Inner Edge layer is still active). Now click Ctrl + X, to cut the center.
Decrease layer opacity before 70% (V, then 7). Create layer mask . Now we need to mute the effect. Select linear gradient (G), black / white (D), swap colors (X), and with the key Shift draw a gradient from the center of the clock to the lowest point.
Step 27. Create a new layer named “Outer Edge”. Ctrl + click on a layer “Clock”, fill the selection with white (D, then Ctrl + Del), deselect (Ctrl + D).
Select the “Inner Edge” layer and click on it with the Ctrl key. Select tool “Magic wand” (Wand Tool – W) and with the key Shift click in the center of the selection. This will clear the selection from the middle part, which we do not need. Now select the “Outside Edge” layer again and cut out the excess (Ctrl + X). Install layer opacity (Layer Opacity) on 80% (V, then 8).
Create layer mask . Select radial gradient (Radial Gradient – G). Select a layer mask and click D for black and white pair. Draw a gradient from the top of the edge, just above the clock from bottom to top. Zoom out if necessary. This will give a beautiful spot on top of the dial as at the point closest to the light source.
Step 28. Create a new layer and name it “Shadows”. Fill it with black. Make blending mode “Soft light“(Blending Mode = Soft Light) (V, then Shift and the plus and minus keys). Now do layer mask , select a black and white color pair (D), select linear gradient (G) and stretch with a key Shift gradient from the bottom to the center of the clock. This will give depth to our image, slightly dimming the light.
Conclusion Wow, you did it! The work is done! I hope this lesson has helped you improve your Photoshop designer skills.