We draw a compass in Photoshop

Ihaaak … New lesson! Remember the Golden Compass movie? Yes? Good. And if you don’t remember, go to Google. So, this time we will create a compass. It will not be as intricate as in the film, otherwise it will kill the lesson.)) But the lesson will show all the basics, and even more, to create an antique compass, and some of you can develop your imagination. Here is what we will create:

Step 1. Create new document (New document) 400×400 pixels. Set as Primary color (Foreground Color) # 3a4043 and, with the tool Fill (Paint Bucket) (G), fill in the document … As you can see, we need a dark brown color. Now let’s call this layer Background (Background).

Step 2. Install Main color (Foreground Color) at # b86100 and create New layer (New Layer) above the background layer. Call it Compass Base. Then take the tool Ellipse (Ellipse), set it to Layer layer (Shape Layer) and, while holding down the Shift key, create a perfect circle like this:

Step 3. Now press Ctrl (Cmd on Mac) + T, and transform this circle a little. Hold the Ctrl key (Cmd), place your cursor on the upper right corner of the bounding box of the transformation, and drag it to the left downwards, diagonally. Like here:

Now we look at our compass as if from the side, see? Duplicate the Compass Base layer twice, so you are now on the third layer, which is similar to the previous ones, like a twin. But even the twins are very different. Let’s rename the topmost layer to Screen (Screen), and the bottom of these three layers to Compass Body (Compass Body).

Step 4. Now we turn to the fun work. Click on the Compass Body layer thumbnail (in the layers panel), so we will select our body. Now take the tool Ellipse (Ellipse) (which is still set to Layer layer (Shape Layer)) and in the upper right corner of the Photoshop screen you should see a small colored square, where you can change the color of the shape, found? Click on it and set the color to # 854906. Now click Ok and go to the Screen layer. Do the same as before to change the color to #ffffff (remember, you must have a selection loaded during a color change)! Now let’s move the Compass Body layer a little to the left and down … not much, about 30-35 pixels. … and resize the Screen layer approximately 2/3 of the size of the case and move it slightly to the right, like this:

Step 5. So, now let’s move on to the third dimension)). Click on the Compass Base layer (middle between the Screen layer and the Compass Body layer in the layers palette) and go to Overlay options (Blending Options) (either double-click on the layer, or go to the menu Layer (Layer) – Layer styles (Layer Styles) – Overlay options (Blending Options)) and set the following settings:

Step 6. Now go to the Compass Body layer and apply the following blending styles:

To get the names of the colors, save the second image, open it in a new Photoshop document and take color samples from each small square and use it in the gradient.

Step 7. Now your figure should look like this:

Now create New layer (New Layer) above the Compass Base layer (Compass Base) and while holding the Ctrl key (Cmd), click directly on the Compass Base layer, so both layers in the layers palette are highlighted in blue. Now press Ctrl (Cmd) + E to merge them. Take the tool Clarifier (Dodge) (O), set a round brush for it, Backlight (Highlights) and Exposure (Exposure) at 10%, and also turn on the mode Airbrush (Airbrush). Now add some highlights to the areas below:

Now your figure should look like this:

Step 8. Now … wait, I have to go to the refrigerator for a pack of chips … So, I’m back! Now let’s work on the Screen layer. Create New layer (New Layer) above the Screen layer (Screen) … click on the new layer with the right mouse button and Create Clipping Mask (Create Clipping Mask). Set as Primary color (Foreground Color) #ababab, and then Ctrl (Cmd) + click on the Screen layer in the layers panel to load the selection. Now staying on the Clipping Mask layer that we just created, go to Editing (Edit) – Perform a stroke (Stroke), where set in the settings 15 pixels. and Centre (Center) … And get a beautiful gray stroke. Moving on. Without removing the selection, go to Filter (Filter) – Blur (Blur) – Gaussian blur (Gaussian Blur). Set the settings to 5. Then click OK. Duplicate (Duplicate) the layer you just used for blurring and with the active copy of the layer (it should be highlighted in blue in the layers palette) press Ctrl (Cmd) + F twice. Merge the two layers with a blurred stroke and press Ctrl (Cmd) + F again.

Note Per .: This key combination repeats the last applied filter, in this case, for each layer, we again applied a Gaussian Blur filter.

Step 9. Then … hmm … then you should have a very blurry, bright gray layer. Duplicate (Duplicate) it, let’s, faster, fast-fast!)) Set the created copy to the mode Multiplication (Multiply), and now can deselect. Name the two layers with the shadow Inner Shadow (Inner Shadow) 1 and Inner Shadow (Inner Shadow) 2. Here is what you should have at the moment … or, in any case, something similar:

Step 10. Moving on, there is still so much to do. Install Main color (Foreground Color) at # c5993b. Then click on the Screen layer and create a new layer above it (this new layer should be located between the Inner Shadow layers and the Screen layer), and it should also be Clipping mask (Clipping Mask) for the Screen layer, like the Inner Shadows). Name the new layer Inner Border. Place it above the Inner Shadows layers, but make sure that it is still trimmed with a mask.
Ctrl (Cmd) + click on the thumbnail of the Screen layer to load the selection. Then click on the Inner Border layer to make it “work”. Go to Editing (Edit) – Circle Outline (Stroke), Centre (Center), 15 pixels. Then press Ctrl (Cmd) + T to transform it. Hold down the Ctrl key (Cmd) and position the cursor on the upper left corner of the transformation rectangle and drag down to the left.

Step 11. Switch to Overlay options (Blending Options) and set the following settings:

Now this thing should look like this:

Step 12. Now create New layer (New Layer) above all other layers. Call it Gold Circle Inside. Make a selection of the Screen layer, and then go to Allotment (Select) – Transform selected area (Transform selection) and change its size and incline (skew) to create something like this:

Then press Enter to apply the transformation, and go to Editing (Edit) – Perform a stroke (Stroke), set 5 pixels., Centre (Center). Then … then take a break! Drink some water. And then, when you return, apply these styles to the Gold Circle Inside layer:

Step 13. Now load the selection of the Gold Circle Inside layer. Create a new layer above it and set Main color (Foreground Color) on # 652e09. Then take the tool Gradient (Gradient) (G), set it to From basic to transparent (Foreground to Transparent) and swipe them over the new layer that you just created, right to the center. Like here:

Deselect. Install Blend mode (Blending mode) on Multiplication (Multiply) and reduce Opacity (Opacity) up to 40%, hold down the Ctrl key (Cmd), click on the Gold Circle Inside layer in the layers panel (now both layers are highlighted in blue in the layers palette), press Ctrl (Cmd) + E to merge them . Now let’s stop for a second, and I will explain to those who do not know why we select layers before merging them. We do this because if we simply merged the layers without selecting them, the uppermost layer would “take away” the styles of the layer of the lowermost layer, do you understand? Thus, our newly created shadow could … disappear … capturing the gradient style of the layer from the layer below. And we don’t want that, right? Let’s go further. Create a new layer and place it under the Gold Circle Inside layer. Then set the Foreground Color to # 652e09 and load the Gold Circle Inside layer selection (Gold circle inside) … go to Editing (Edit) – Perform a stroke (Stroke), with settings Centre (Center), 2 pixels. Deselect, set the layer to Lightening Basics (Color Dodge) and reduce Fill (Fill) of this layer to 30%.

Step 14. So in this step, have patience, there will be a few more tiny details. But small details are great art, aren’t they? Let’s start … Take the tool Ellipse (Ellipse) and create New layer (New Layer) above all other layers, call it Center Pin (Center axis). Tool Ellipse (Ellipse) with the Shift key pressed, create a perfect circle in the center of the compass screen. Not very big, just a small circle, like this one:

Then apply to it Overlay options (Blending Options) and set these settings:

Goooooooo … Hmmm … now we need to get rid of the layer styles so that we can change the slope of our layer without changing the styles, okay? So … do what we said in the previous step: create a new layer on top of the rest, hold down the Ctrl (Cmd) key to select both layers in the layers palette, and then press Ctrl (Cmd) + E to merge them … ta-daaa , and no scalable layer styles! Well, as soon as you do this, press Ctrl (Cmd) + T to transform this circle, hold down the Ctrl key (Cmd) and position the cursor in the upper right corner of the transformation bounding box, drag it to the lower left corner, like this:

Good!

Step 15. Now, using the same method that we got rid of the layer styles in the previous step, work with Clarifier (Dodge) (O), with a soft brush installed, Backlit (Highlights), 20% and on Airbrush (Airbrush). Lightly click on the upper right side of the axis to add a highlight to it. Kaaak … here:

So, now duplicate the Center Pin layer (Central axis) and name the lowest of these two layers Center Pin Body (Central axis body). Move it a few pixels down to the left, like this:

Create a shadow for it now … using these blending style settings:

Step 16. Iaaaak … how far have we gone in this lesson? I would say about 50% has already been done. Let’s see what result we have at the moment:

Now go to the “handles”? I mean arrows, of course. So create New layer (New Layer) and place it between the Center Pin (Center Axis) and Center Pin Body (Center Axis) layers. Take the tool Polygonal / Polygonal Lasso (Polygonal Lasso) (L) and create a triangular selection like this:

Step 17. Install Main color (Foreground Color) at # c5993b and take the tool Fill (paint Bucket) (G), fill the selection with this color … aah, great! Now uncheck the selection. Apply these styles to the arrow:

Switch to Layer styles (Layer Styles) and install Angle (Angle) Gradient overlays (Gradient Overlay) at 60 degrees.

Step 18. Create New layer (New Layer) at the top. Now create a selection for the upper arrow. Install Main color (Foreground Color) to # ea1505 and take a round brush with hard edges of about 40 pixels., Click once on the arrow tip, like this:

Now reduce Fill (Fill) up to 60%. Now here’s what should happen .. or something like this:

Step 19. Now let’s embellish the center. Load a selection of both arrows. This can be done by holding the Ctrl (Cmd) + Shift + click on the layer thumbnails in the layers palette. Create New layer (New Layer) and place it right below the Center Pin Body layer (Center Axis Body). So now fill the selection … with any color … and apply these Layer styles (Layer Styles):

Duplicate this layer twice, now you should have 3 identical copies.

Step 20. Now select one of the copies and use Ctrl (Cmd) + T to transform it … and tilt, rotate and resize, like this:

Transform the other two copies of the arrows and at the end you should have something like this:

Step 21 Now let’s go to the letters. What a compass without them! So, download the PR Celtic Narrow font and install it. Go back to the compass and create New layer (New Layer) by placing it under the layers with arrows (including the ones we created in the previous step). Write the capital N in any color, size 30pt. Move it, transform and tilt (skew) so that it is arranged in a similar way:

Now do the same for East (E) (East), South (S) (South) and West (W) (West), but for E and W, set the size to 24 and place them in the middle of the gold circle line. So, you should have something like this:

Step 22 Now let’s create triangles))). I promise, we will not work too hard on them)). So, take the tool Rectangle (Polygon) (U) in mode Layer layer (Shape Layer). Transform it with transformation and tilt (skew) in a triangle.

PRome. Per .: before transforming, rasterize the figure). You should have something like this:

After that, make three more triangles, on 3 different layers, for each individual letter … you should have something similar:

Then apply these to the layers. Layer styles (Layer Styles):

Step 23 Now press Ctrl (Cmd) + click on each of the 4 layers to select them in the layers panel and merge them into one. Then load the Screen layer selection (selection), press Ctrl (Cmd) + Shift + I to invert the selection and press Delete. Deselect and load the selection of the Inner Border layer, press Delete. This will remove all parts of the arrows that extend beyond the white screen. Like this:

Step 24 Name the layer Arrows. Create New layer (New Layer) above the Arrows layer (Arrows), right-click on it and select Create clipping mask (Create Clipping Mask). Set it to mode Multiplication (Multiply). Install Main color (Foreground Color) at # 361f0f, take the tool Brush (Brush) (B) with hard edges, add some shadows where the side of the arrow hits the inner ring or the edge of the screen. Then apply to it Filter (Filter) – Blur (Blur) – Gaussian blur (Gaussian Blur) with a value of 1.

Step 25. Then create a new layer and place it under the Arrows layer. Download the selection of the Arrows layer (Arrows) and fill it with the color # 361f0f on the new layer. Apply to it Gaussian blur (Gaussian Blur) with a value of 1 and transform it, reducing, so that a shadow falls from the arrows at a 90 degree angle, like this:

Step 26. Now let’s make a chain … to take a break from the compass itself)). Create New layer (New Layer) and place it under all others … except the background. Call it Loop (Loop). Take the tool Pen (Pen) and set it to Contours (Paths) … create a loop like this:

Install Main color (Foreground Color) to # d2974b, configure the tool Brush (Brush) on the round with hard edges, the size of 5 pixels. Go back to the tool. Pen (Pen), right click and select Circle Outline (Stroke Path). You should have something similar:

Step 27. Apply the following styles to your Loop layer:

Now create New layer (New Layer) above the Loop layer (Loop) and load the Loop layer selection (Loop) … then take the tool Gradient (Gradient) (G), set it to From basic to transparent (Foreground to Transpatent), Linear (Linear). Install Main color (Foreground Color) on # 4f3116 and draw a gradient from the bottom to the middle of the loop, almost like this:

Set the layer to mode Multiplication (Multiply) and reduce Fill (Fill) up to 70%. So, it remains quite a bit.

Step 28. Now let’s do the chain. Take this image (save it on your disk) and open it in Photoshop. Go to Editing (Edit) – Define brush (Define Brush Preset). Call it Chain Brush 1 (Chain Brush 1).

Then select it and go to the settings panel of the brush in the upper right part of the screen, and apply these settings:

Now click on the icon Create New Brush (Create New Brush) at the bottom of the brush settings window and name it Chain Brush 2 (Chain Brush 2). Chain Brush 2 (Chain Brush 2) will be with the settings that we assigned to it above.

Step 29. Dundund … almost all … pfff. So create New layer (New Layer) and place it under the layer with the compass case and above the Loop layer. Name the new layer Chain. Take the tool Pen (Pen) (P) and set it to Contours (Paths) .. and create the same path:

Then right-click – Outline the contour (Stroke path). This is what should happen:

Step 30. Now apply these settings to the circuit:

Then, the chain needs to be rid of layer styles, so we will use the “get rid of layer styles, but keep the effect” method that we used earlier, creating a layer at the top and merging by selecting both layers. Then apply Filter (Filter) – Sharpness (Sharpen) – Sharpness (Sharpen) two times. Now! Let’s create some shadows for our chain. Create New layer (New Layer) above the layer with the chain, right-click on it and select Create clipping mask (Create Clipping Mask). Set it to mode Multiplication (Multiply). Install Main color (Foreground Color) at # 29140e and take a round brush with Stiffness (Hardness) about 75% and lightly paint over the places where the chain disappears behind the compass (if necessary, use the tool Smudging / Finger (Smudge) (R) to shade the corresponding look). Like here:

Step 31 Good. Now move on. Add the final touches to the Screen. Create a new one clipping mask (clipping mask) above the Screen layer. Name it Margins Shadow (Shadow of the Fields) and place it above the other clipping masks that the Screen layer has. Take the tool Magic wand (Magic Wand) (W), install Tolerance (Tolerance) at 2, tick options Smoothing (Anti-Alias) and Adjacent pixels(Contiguous) parameter Sample from all layers (Sample All Layers) should be turned off. So now click on the Inner Border layer to make it active. Take Magic wand (Magic Wand) and click inside the border (on the canvas). You should have this selection:

Go to Allotment (Select) – Transform selection (Transform selection) and change its size / tilt, etc., so that the exact contour of the white screen is visible. Then install Main color (Foreground Color) to # 3d1e12 and go to Editing (Edit) – Perform a stroke (Stroke), make settings for it. Centre (Center), 7px. Deselect, apply to the resulting contour. Gaussian blur (Gaussian Blur) with a value of 2, and then press Ctrl (Cmd) + F three more times to repeat the filter three times. Set the layer to mode Multiplication (Multiply) and reduce Opacity (Opacity) up to 50%.

Step 32 So now create another ……. Yes, I know … another new one Clipping mask (Clipping Mask) over the rest of the clipping layer Screen (Screen). Take the tool Magic wand (Magic Wand) (W) and do the same thing that we did earlier … only this time, create a selection inside the Gold Inside Stroke layer. Like this:

So now go to Allotment (Select) – Modifications (Modify) – To expand (Expand) – 1 pix. Install Main color (Foreground Color) on # 3d1e12, take the tool Fill (Paint Bucket) (G) and fill the selection. Set the layer to mode Overlap (Overlay) reduce it Opacity (Opacity) up to 90% and deselect. Then duplicate the layer once, take the tool Eraser (Eraser) (E), set it to a soft round brush with 10% Opacity (Opacity) and erase most of the right side of the copy layer. Like here:

Decrease Opacity (Opacity) layer up to 60% … Then duplicate it, and with a new copy, reduce Opacity (Opacity) up to 35%. Hooray! We are almost done! This is what you should have now:

Now take the tool Dimmer (Burn) (O) and darken the lower left chain a little, so that it looks more realistic … and … Taaaaaa! Done! Of course, now you can continue and add a background, or even go ahead and give the compass itself more details, rust, anything else at your discretion. Here is what I did for myself:

Hope you enjoyed the tutorial. See you next time!

About the author: Hi, I’m Alice (Alice) – glad to see you. I’m 23 years old, I’m a self-taught graphic designer. Most of my lessons are based on Photoshop CS2, but I can also work with Flash and 3D software, such as Poser / Bryce / DAZ | Studio. I like the learning process, so you will always find me painting something or teaching someone, I spend most of my time at the computer. In addition to the sites with lessons, you can find me on the DA, and visit my page. So … if you want to know something else, write to me) Chao! And I hope you enjoyed my lesson!

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