In this lesson you will learn how to draw a cosmos and a planet..
First we draw a starry sky. Create a new document and fill it with black. I set the size of the new document 1600? 1200, so that it could later be used as a wallpaper on the desktop. Duplicate this layer ( Ctrl+J ) . Next, apply a noise filter to the new layer. Filter – Noise – Add Noise (Filter – Noise – Add noise). The amount of noise is set to 10%, the distribution in Gauss and put a tick on Monochrome.
Next, go to the menu item Image> Adjustments> Brightness Contrast (Image> Correction> Brightness / Contrast) and set the Brightness thirty and Contrast 75 . Now the noise is more like a star.
Now add stars bigger. Duplicate previous layer with stars ( Ctrl+J ) and change the brightness and contrast for it Image> Adjustments> Brightness Contrast (Image> Correction> Brightness / Contrast) set the Brightness 100 Contrast 50
Click (Ctrl + T) and make a layer with big stars approximately twice as large. Hold Shift to transform the layer proportionally. Click (Ctrl + L), to bring up the Levels window. Set the parameters as shown in the figure to increase the contrast. (In my case, I had to set the parameters opposite to those of the author. 0, 1.00 , 20)
Set the blending mode for the layer to Screen (Lightening). To avoid the echo effect (overlay effect), press Ctrl + T and rotate the layer 90 degrees (while holding the Shift during the rotation of the layer, the layer will rotate in increments of 15 degrees). Use this technique when turning.
Take a soft rubber band with a diameter of about 20-30 px and start erasing our stars on both layers. Try to create different shapes in all directions, so that our stars look more natural. Also remember that there should be more black space than spaces with stars and more small stars than large ones.
Try creating some star areas with the tool. Clone stamp (Stamp) using a soft-edged brush. You have to decide for yourself where to place the clouds with the stars, and where to leave empty space. Use your imagination and you will succeed.
Add glow to the stars. Duplicate the big stars layer. Apply filter Filter> Blur> Gaussian Blur (Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur) with a radius of approximately 10 px and change the color blend mode to Linear dodge (Linear Dodge). Press Ctrl + U and colorize the stars (I set Hue (color tone) to 230). Repeat this step several times to make the starlight more expressive.
And now we will create the rest of the details of our cosmic landscape: huge stars, star dust and a colorful nebula. Create a new layer and set the blending mode for the layer. Linear dodge (Linear clarifier) and fill it with black. Further Filter – Render – Lens Flare (Filter – Rendering – Blick). I used a 35mm lens type. Create in such a way a couple of big stars by changing the location of the center of the flare and the brightness of the flare. Use different colors for each of the stars, it will give some variety to the overall picture (the easiest way to do this is to press Ctrl + U and change Hue (Color tone)).
Create a new layer to create star dust. Install opacity (layer opacity) at 25% and change the blending mode for the layer to Screen (Lightening). Select any brush with soft edges and adjust it as shown. I used texture for the brush Confetti, This is one of the standard Photoshop textures. Now that we’ve set up the brush, we’ll draw our star dust in blue. (# ced0f1).
Now create a multicolored nebula. Create a new layer, take a soft round brush and draw a cloud like mine. This is quite easy: first draw a blue base, then a red area, and at the end a yellow and white one. Apply a filter to the nebula layer Filter – Blur – Gaussian blur (Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur) with a radius of 50 px.
Now let’s make our nebula cloud shape. To do this, create a new black layer and apply a filter to the layer. Filter – Render – Clouds (Filter – Rendering – Clouds). Change the blending mode for the layer to Overlay (Overlap). After that duplicate the cloud layer (Ctrl+J).
Select the nebula layer and change it opacity (layer opacity) by 55%, and the blending mode for the layer on Screen (Lightening). Find the best place for your nebula and move it there.
Well, we finished painting the starry sky. Now let’s create a planet. Find the stone texture for your future planet. I used this from SXC. http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1011795
You can also use your texture.
Open the image with the texture. Change the size of the canvas to give the texture a square shape. Image– Sanvas size ( Image – Canvas Size). Set the same for height and width. Use the tool Clone stamp (Stamp) to fill in the empty spaces with a texture. Also remove too dark spots with the same tool. Further Edit – Define Pattern (Editing – Define the pattern). Save the pattern under any name you like. After that, you can close the image with the texture.
Create a new document (Ctrl+N) 1600×1600 pixels in size. Fill it with black. Using the tool Elliptical Marquee Tool (Highlight ”Oval region” ) create a selection in the form of a circle. To make the circle even and fit into the square, press Shift + Ctrland without releasing these keys approximately from the center of the square, start drawing a selection. After you draw the selection fill it with the pattern that we created in the previous step. Image – Fill– Contents: Pattern
(Edit – Fill – Use: “Pattern”). And choose the pattern that we created for the fill.
Without removing the selection apply the filter Filter – Distort – Spherize (Filter – Distortion – Spherization ) Amount 100% (Degree 100%). Click Ctrl +Fin order to repeat the last applied filter.
Duplicate the planet layer (Ctrl + J) and fill the circle with a light blue color (# 455571). This will be the atmosphere of the planet. You can use any other color for this.
Duplicate this layer and fill it with black. It will be the shadow of the planet. Now select the layer with the atmosphere, double click on it to bring up the Layer Style window. Apply the following layer styles to the atmosphere layer:
Move the shadow layer above the atmosphere layer (Ctrl +] –layer up)
( Ctrl +[-layer down). Apply a filter to the shadow layer. Gaussian blur
(Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur) Gaussian Blur (Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur) with a radius of 75 px.
Press Ctrl + T and convert the shadow: increase its size and move a little to the upper left corner. I chose this shadow position because I am going to place the planet in the upper left corner of the picture, and the light comes from the biggest star that is in the center.
Select a layer with atmosphere and set the layer overlay mode. Screen (Lightening), so we will see the surface of the planet. I do not like the brightness and contrast of the planet, so I reduced opacity (layer opacity) up to 33%. After that, I duplicated the layer with the surface of the planet and set the layer blending mode Soft light (Soft light). I also changed opacity shade layer by 90%.
Now you need to copy our planet to the starry sky. For this
turn off background (background) by clicking on the eye thumbnail
responsible for the visibility of the layers. Shift + Ctrl + E, to merge visible layers. Now copy the planet to the file with the starry sky and place it in the corner of the document. At the end I added a glow to the planet.
That’s all !!!
Good luck and patience in creating your space landscapes.