In the previous lesson we looked at how to tool Rectangular Marquee (Rectangular Selection)allows us to quickly and easily select an object or a part of a photo, based on simple rectangular or square shapes. Tool TheEllipticalMarquee(Oval selection), which we will look at here, is another simple selection tool in Photoshop. It is very similar to the instrument. Rectangular marquee (Rectangular selection) and works basically the same. In fact, the only difference is that the tool TheEllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area) allows us to create oval or round selection! If you already know how the tool works Rectangular marquee (Rectangular selection area), imagine that the tool TheEllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area) is the same, only with very rounded corners.
Default TheEllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area) hides behind the tool Rectangular marquee (Rectangular selection area) in the toolbar. To select it, simply click on the tool icon Rectangular marquee (Rectangular selection area) and hold the mouse button down for one or a couple of seconds until a drop-down menu appears showing you the other tools hidden behind it. Click on the tool EllipticalMarquee(Oval selection) in the drop-down menu to select it:
As soon as you choose a tool EllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area), it will appear in place of the tool Rectangular marquee (Rectangular selection area) in the toolbar. To return the tool back Rectangular marquee (Rectangular selection area), you need to click and hold the mouse button on the tool icon EllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area) and then select the tool Rectangular marquee (Rectangular selection area) from the drop down menu:
You can just switch between tools. Rectangular (Rectangular) and EllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area) using the keyboard, although, of course, how you do it depends on what settings you have in the menu. Photoshop’s Preferences (Photoshop settings). Each toolbar toolbar can be enabled by pressing a specific letter on the keyboard. Both tools and Rectangular (Rectangular), and EllipticalMarquee(The oval selection area) can be selected by clicking on the letter M (approx. Latin M), and to switch between them, you need to press M again or press Shift + M. Again, it depends on the settings.
On the PC you will find the option Preferences (Settings) in the menu Edit (Edit) at the top of the screen. On a Mac, you will find this option in the menu. Photoshop. In section General (General Settings) find the parameter named Use Shift Key for Tool Switch (Use the Shift key to switch tools). When activating this parameter, you will need to add the Shift key to switch between the two selection tools (as well as for other Toolbar tools that are called by this short command). Uncheck this option if you use the M key more often to switch between tools. Set this option at your discretion:
Create an oval selection. To draw an oval selection tool EllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area), just click on the point from which you want to start the selection, then, without releasing the mouse button, drag in the desired direction until the object or area is marked with a selection line. Release the mouse button to complete the selection. Here is a wedding photo that I opened in Photoshop:
I want to add a classic white vignette effect to this photo, and a tool EllipticalMarquee (The oval selection area can easily handle this. To begin with, I add a new blank layer, so I can create my own effect without interfering with the original image. I will do this by clicking on the create icon New layer (New layer) at the bottom of the layers panel:
This action adds an empty layer called “Layer 1” (Layer 1) over Background layer (background layer):
I’m going to fill this new layer with white using the Photoshop command. Fill(Fill). To select it, I go to the menu Edit(Edit) at the top of the screen and choose Fill(Fill):
This will bring up the dialog box. Fill(Fill). I choose White(White) in section Contents(Contents) in the upper half of the dialog box, then click Ok to exit it and fill the layer “Layer 1” (Layer 1) with white:
At this stage, the window of my document is filled with white, making it unavailable for viewing photos of the newlyweds. In order to temporarily hide the Layer 1 layer (Layer 1) and to see the original photo again, I click on the layer visibility icon (also known as the “eyeball”) to the left of Layer 1 (Layer 1) in the layers panel:
Now, when I can see the original image, I will begin my vignetting effect, for which I will draw an oval selection around the newlyweds. I will select the tool EllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area) from the toolbar, as we saw earlier, and click somewhere in the upper corner of the photo to set the point at which my selection will begin. Then, without releasing the mouse button, I move towards the lower right corner of the photo. While moving in the center of the image, a selection outline appears around the pair:
Changing the position of selections during their drawing. If you are taking a lesson based on your photo, you may notice one big difference between using the tools Rectangular (Rectangular) and EllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area). When using the tool Rectangular Marquee(Rectangular selection area), the selection angle always starts at the exact point you set to start the selection, no matter what size of selection you create. Tool operation EllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area) is a bit trickier. Since the oval shapes are formed without any angles, the selection contour moves further away from the point that you selected as the starting point for your selection. What makes it impossible to create a selection from a clearly defined point.
Fortunately, the same way you move a selection as a tool. Rectangular Marquee(Rectangular selection area), works with the tool EllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area). Just hold down the space bar while making an oval selection and move it with the mouse to the right place, then release the space key and continue creating the selection. You may need to move your selection several times while it is being created, so just hold down the space bar each time you need to move the selection outline to the desired position, then release the space key and continue creating the selection.
When you are satisfied with the size, shape, and position of your oval selection, release the mouse button to complete it. Now we can see the outline of the oval selection around the pair in the photo:
At the moment I am going to use the oval selection that I created using the tool EllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area), in order to cut the center of the layer filled with white color in order to get a vignette effect later. The only problem is that by default the selection edges are hard, and in order to create a vignette effect I need soft edges that blur the border between the selected and unselected area of the photo. We can soften the edges in Photoshop by “feathering” them, and do this by going to the menu Select(Highlight) at the top of the screen by selecting Modify(Modification), and then Feather(Feathering):
This action will bring up the Photoshop dialog box. Feather Selection (Feather Selection). I will set the parameter Feather radius (The radius of feathering) is about 30 pxls, which is large enough to blur the transition between the white vignette and the pair in the center of the photo. The exact value that you need to use for your photo depends on the size of the photo itself, and you may make several attempts and errors before selecting the exact and appropriate value:
I’ll click Ok to exit the dialog box. Photoshop blends the edges of the selection, although we really can’t see this effect until we do something with the selection. I will again click on the layer visibility icon for Layer 1 (Layer 1) to return the fill to white:
This action will again fill the document window with white color, thus, it is easier for us to consider the selection outline that we created:
As a result, to complete the vignetting effect, I simply press the Delete key on the keyboard to erase a section of white inside our selection. Since I no longer need the selection outline, I will delete it by clicking somewhere inside the document window with the tool EllipticalMarquee (Oval selection area). There was a soft border between the white edges and the photo in the center, corresponding to the feathering, which we applied:
Tool EllipticalMarquee (Oval selection area) drew an oval selection and easily created a vignetting effect. But what if we need to draw a round selection? Consider this in the next step!
Create a round selection. Tool EllipticalMarquee(The oval selection area) also allows us to easily draw the selection in the shape of a perfect circle. In fact, just as we created with the tool Rectangular marquee (Rectangular selection area) perfect square. There are two ways to create a circle with the tool. EllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area). The first way is to configure Options bar (Settings panel) at the top of the screen.
Here is a photo of the moon, which I discovered. Suppose I want to highlight the moon to put it on another photo. Since the shape of the moon is round (at least, it seems to us to earthlings, if we consider a 2D photo), to highlight its use of the tool EllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area).
With active tool EllipticalMarquee(Oval selection area), Options bar(Settings panel) will display settings for this particular tool, and, for the most part, these parameters are similar to those found in the tool. Rectangular marquee (Rectangular area). One of the parameters is called Style(Style), and, by default, it is set to Normal(Normal), it allows us to draw any elliptical shape we want. To turn the shape of the selection into a perfect circle, change the parameters Style(Style) on Fixed ratio (Fixed scale). By default, Photoshop sets the values Width (Widths) and Height (Heights) in Options bar (Settings panel) to 1, which sets the ratio of width to length as 1: 1, creating a perfect circle:
To create a circular selection around the moon, I press and hold the mouse button somewhere in the upper left side of the moon to set the starting point, then I move towards the lower right side until the moon is highlighted. As soon as I made the selection, it immediately turned into a perfect circle thanks to the settings set in Options bar (Settings panel). Unfortunately, here I encountered a problem related to my selection outline, which moved farther and farther away from my starting point during how I created it, so I had to press the space bar several times to position the selection like I drew it. When I finish, I will release the mouse button to complete the selection:
Short commands on the keyboard. Along with the fact that from the technical side you do not make any mistakes by changing the settings in Options bar (Toolbars) to turn the selection outline into a circle, such a method can quickly become annoying, because Photoshop does not automatically return parameter settings Style(Style) on Normal(Normal) after completion of work. This means that you always need to remember that after work you need to return the parameter to its original value, otherwise, you will still remain in the Fixed ratio (Fixed proportions) with the next attempt to draw an oval selection.
The best way to turn a selection into a circle is to simply hold down the Shift key while it is being created. Simply adding the Shift key converts a rectangular selection to a square one when you use the tool. Rectangular marquee (Rectangular selection area), and turn the selection into a perfect circle when using the tool Elliptical marquee (Oval selection area).
Remember the order of the selection is very important. Click and start to draw your selection, then hold down the Shift key to turn the selection into a circle and continue to create a selection. Once you are ready, release the mouse button to complete the selection, then release the Shift key. If you do not follow the correct order, you will get an undesirable result.
Creating selections from the center. You can also create elliptical selections from the center, which often makes it easier to work with the tool. Elliptical marquee (Oval selection area). Just click in the center of the object or area that you need to select, then hold down the Alt key and continue to create a selection. As soon as you hold down the Alt key, the point you have marked will turn into the center point of the selection, and when you continue to create the selection, it will drag in all directions from that point.
Again, the order of actions is very important. Click and start creating a selection, then hold down the Alt key to convert the selection to a circle, and continue drawing. When you’re ready, release the mouse button to complete the selection, and then release the Alt key.
You can also make a round selection from the center. Just add the Shift key to the short command on the keyboard. Click and start creating a selection, then hold down the Shift + Alt keys to convert the selection into a circle and create a selection from the center. Continue making the selection, and when you are ready, release the mouse button to complete the selection, then release the Shift and Alt keys.
Now, when I have the moon highlighted, I will open the second photo. This time the photo of the night city. Both images are open in separate documents, I will choose a tool Move (Move) from the toolbar:
With active tool Move (Move), I hold down the Alt key, then click inside the selection and drag the moon to the second image. In this case, holding the Alt key tells Photoshop to create a copy of the moon, rather than cut it out of the photo:
Since the moon looks a bit bigger for the second image, I press the Ctrl + T key combination to invoke the Photoshop command. Free transform (Free Transformation) to resize it. Holding down the Shift key, I pull the marker for the frame that appears to the inside of the moon. Such an action will preserve the proportions of the image and will not distort it while resizing it:
You can also use the command Free transform (Free Transform) to move objects inside the document window. Just click inside the frame. Free transform (Free transform) and move the object to a new location. I am thinking of moving the moon to the upper right side of the tower. To leave the team Free transform (Free Transformation), I will press the Enter key on the keyboard:
Remove selection. When you are done with the selection that you created with the tool Elliptical marquee (Oval selection area), and you will no longer need it, there are three ways to remove it. You can go to the menu Select(Highlight) at the top of the screen and select Deselect(Remove selection):
You can also use the short command on the keyboard Ctrl + D. Or with the active tool Elliptical marquee (Oval selection area) just click anywhere inside the document window to remove the selection.