Gradient (from lat. Gradiens – walking) is a characteristic showing the direction of the fastest increase of a certain quantity, the value of which varies from one point of space to another. The gradient creates a fill with a smooth transition between two or more colors. It is used very often, so excellent possession of this tool is a prerequisite for effective work in Photoshop.
The gradient can be applied directly to the contents of the layer or use a new gradient fill layer (the gradient will be on its own layer and have a layer mask with which you can mask layer pixels).
Icon Gradient (one) you will find in the same instrument group Fill (Paint Bucker) key G (or Shift+G to switch between them).
The appearance of the gradient is set by the buttons on the parameters panel (2)
Linear gradient (Linear Gradient) – the transition is carried out in a straight line along a certain direction.
Radial gradient (Radial Gradient) – color change evenly in all directions from the center point.
Cone Gradient (Angle Gradient) – color transition in a circle with the center at a given point in a clockwise direction.
Mirror gradient (Reflected Gradient) – two linear gradient that extend from the starting point in opposite directions.
Diamond Gradient (Diamond Gradient) – forming lines are lined up as a diamond.
In a rectangular window (3) you can see the current version of the default gradient. If you click on the arrow next to it, the gradient palette opens. You can select the gradient you need by clicking on it.
The gradient editing window opens when you click on a sample of the gradient fill (3).
The Presets section contains pre-made gradients.
Name (Name) is the name of the gradient. Customized (Custom) is a gradient with custom settings.
Gradient (Gradient Type). There are two options: Continuous (Solid) and Noise (Noise)
Smoothing (Smoothness) – the softness of the color transition in the gradient.
If you want to edit an existing gradient, click on its sample.
Pay attention to the color bar in the center of the window – this is a sample of an editable gradient with color and transparency transitions. Markers are located under the strip and above it (four) (squares with triangles above or below them). Those under the strip are responsible for color transitions. If you click on a marker with a mouse button, the triangle above it will become colored, which means that the marker has become active and ready for editing. What can be done? You can move it in any direction along the color bar, you can change its color. To do this, click on the window Colour (Color) (five) and in the window Color palette (Color Picker) select the desired shade (6).
If you click on any empty space between the markers, a new marker will appear, which you can also move and adjust. You can move the marker with the mouse, or by changing the numeric value in the field Position (Location). 0% – the left edge of the color bar, 100% – right.
Transparency sliders are located above the color bar, they limit the transparency of the gradient fill. They are edited as well as color ones, but instead of setting the color you need to set the opacity value, the location of the transparency markers can be specified in the field Position (Location).
If you need a marker similar to the existing one, you can simply copy it by dragging while holding the key Alt.
If it is necessary to remove an unnecessary color limiter, simply move it out of the band with color transitions or select and press one of the buttons. Delete (Delete): the bottom button is for color markers, the top one is for transparency markers.
Create a new gradient. Open the dialog box (by clicking on the window 3). Select the fill color for the left color marker, click on the right marker (eight), set your own color for it, in the field Name (Name) (ten) Enter its name and press the button New (New) (eleven), your gradient will appear in the Presets window, click ok.
Transfer: Oksana Gudkova.