How to use Free Transformation?

In this lesson we will look at the operation and settings of the tool in detail. Free transformation on the example of placing the photo in the frame. For beginners, this seemingly simple operation causes certain difficulties, since the frame and the photo are often not the same size. The result is either a very small photo in the frame, or a nose or an eye fill the entire frame. So, proceed to the lesson:

Step 1.

We have a frame and photo. First you need to open both files. Then, by clicking the icon in the toolbar,

to ensure that the open images are located in each window.

Step 2.

Now we need to copy the image of the child and paste it into the file with the frame. This can be done in several ways.

Method 1.  Choosing a tool Move (Move) . This can be done by pressing the V key. Then simply dragging the image of the child into the window with the frame.

Method 2  Clamp simultaneously CTRL and ALT and also drag the image. Attention! When using this method, one of the selection tools should be active, for example, a rectangular frame (for this, just in case, press M in advance).

There are other ways to move the image, but the above, I think the fastest. So now we have two images in one file. Do not worry that they are of different sizes, we will fix this in the next steps.

Step 3.

Now move the layer with the image of the child down so that he is in the frame. To do this, first convert the background (this is our frame) into a regular layer. Double-click on the name of the layer. A dialog box will appear. Push Yes.

Next, click on the layer with the image of the child and, while holding the mouse button, drag it below the layer with the frame. This is what should happen.

Step 4.

Click on the layer with the image of the child to make it active. Then click CTRL + T, to trigger the tool Free transformation (Free transform). A transformation frame will appear around the image with square-shaped markers.

It happens that the size of the image inserted into the frame is much larger than the size of the frame, as a result of which the markers of the transformation frame become inaccessible. To see them, press the key combination CTRL + 0 (zero).

Step 5.

Now consider the tool Free transformation in details.
Let’s look at the settings panel of this tool.

Here you can change the position of the central marker (1), around which the transformation frame rotates, and with it the image.
You can also set the exact scale of the transformation in width and height (2)
A button in the form of a chain (3) means transformation with preservation of image proportions in width and height.
The next parameter (4) allows you to rotate the image at a given angle. When entering positive values ​​of the angle, the image will turn clockwise, while entering negative values ​​- counterclockwise.
With the help of the following group of parameters (5), the image can be tilted by a given angle in the horizontal and vertical plane.
In addition, there are still some subtleties in the use of this tool:

1. To transform the image while maintaining the proportions, hold down the SHIFT key and drag the corner handle. This is what we need.

2. To rotate the image, move the cursor out of the frame and move to the corner marker. The cursor becomes a curved bidirectional arrow.

Now it is enough to drag the corner marker in the direction of rotation.

3. If you place the cursor inside the frame and press the right mouse button, the menu of additional functions of the tool will open.

4. You can also use the following shortcuts to go to the advanced functions of the tool:

Scaling relative to the center point:
ALT + corner marker drag

Image tilt: CTRL + drag side marker

Image tilt along a specific axis:
CTRL + SHIFT + drag side marker

Image tilt relative to center point:
CTRL + ALT + drag side marker

The slope of the image along a specific axis relative to the center point:
CTRL + SHIFT + ALT + drag side marker

Image distortion: CTRL + drag corner marker

Symmetric distortion of opposite angles:
CTRL + ALT + drag corner marker

Limited distortion for perspective effect: CTRL + SHIFT + drag the corner marker

Limited distortion for a symmetrical perspective effect:
CTRL + SHIFT + ALT + drag the corner marker.

With the tool we figured out, now we will continue to work with our image.

Step 6.

In the previous step, we called the tool Free transformation. Now hold down the SHIFT key and drag the corner marker to resize the portrait of the boy as we need. Then move if required. To do this, the cursor must be inside the frame, hold down the left mouse button and move.

Step 7.

Now that we have the desired location and dimensions, we can press the ENTER key to apply the transformation command. Then merge all layers, if necessary. You need to do this only if you no longer work with this image. So, press SHIFT + CTRL + E. Done! Now you can print the resulting photo.

I hope that after studying this lesson you can easily insert any photo into any frame, as well as transform the image as you like.

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