Text tool

Who doesn’t know the Type Tool? This is arguably one of the most powerful and useful tools in Photoshop. We all used it at least once, but do you know its full potential? That is why the author decided to write about the text tool and its most important features.

The basics.
Type tool – it is a Photoshop tool, representing a set of vector objects and mathematical figures for defining font characters. Type tool located on the Toolbar in Photoshop in the shape of the letter T.

Hot key “T” – text , If you repeatedly press on the “T” key, hold Shift, You will see four options for this tool:

“Horizontal text” \Horizontal Type is plain text by default. Writes horizontally, in the color chosen for Foreground Color.

Vertical Text \Vertical Type – text in a vertical direction, useful to write in oriental languages, such as Japanese or Chinese or if you want to experiment with typographic design.

“Horizontal text mask” \Horizontal Type Mask – creating a quick mask, writing a horizontal selection (below we will look at in more detail).

“Vertical text mask” \ Vertical Type Mask – writing with vertical selection.

Create a text layer.
There are two ways to create a text layer:
Point type: Select the text tool and click the cursor where you want to write the text. A flashing vertical stick will appear in place of the click, in other words, the cursor. After you enter the text, click on the checkmark in the options bar (05) (apply current edit) or by clicking once on a layer with text, or press the key combination Ctrl + Enter, you can also press Enter on the numeric keypad. If you simply press Enter, the cursor will move to the next line, offering to continue typing.

Paragraph type: creating a text layer in a selection frame is quite useful for both print and web design. Using the Type tool, select a place for text, starting from the upper left corner, drag the cursor diagonally to the lower right, enter text and press Ctrl+Enter, to apply. You can not only enter text (from the keyboard), but also paste from other editors.

It does not matter if there is a background image, or any other object, the Type tool will create a new layer for the new text.
If you are finished typing text, look at the palette Layers, you will find that your inscription is on a new layer, indicated by the letter T.

Move and transform.
You can resize and move each text layer like any other with the tool. “Move” \ Move Tool (V) With the help of the command “Freetransformation “\Free Transform you can resize text, rotate, deform and distort.
You can also change the size of the text using the Paragraph Type selection frame: the squares at the corners of the rectangle and in the middle of the segments are called nodes, by dragging them, you can perform any transformation of the selected text to keep the proportions, hold down Shift

Resize(Resize)
Select the Type tool and click on the text layer.

Click and drag a nodule to resize the editing frame.

Turn (Rotate)
Place the cursor outside the edit box before changing the cursor to the curved arrow.

Angle (Skew)
Hold Ctrl and drag a knot.

Text formatting
So, if you open Window \ Symbol(Window \ Character) a palette will open before you Symbol (Character), very useful when working with text. On this palette, you can do the following:
FontFamily, FontStyle – choose a headset and font style.
FontSize – adjust font size
TextColor – change color

Kerning – setting the distance between the characters within the given pairs
Tracking – set the inter-character distance

Vertical and Horizontal Scaling – Scale vertically and horizontally. You can resize the text layer in the Vertical Scale window and Horizontal Scale.

Baseline shift – raise the characters above the line, this is useful if you want to move part of the text above or below the bottom of the rest of the text layer.

Faux Bold and Faux Italic Faux Bold (bold): This function is useful if there is no bold version for the font you have chosen. Click on the Faux Bold button, and the text will be written in bold.

Faux Italic (italics). If there is no italics option for the font you have chosen, just click the Faux Italic button and you will get the text written in italics.

Font and text decoration options (Font Variants and Text Decoration).

All Caps (Uppercase). When you press the All Caps button, all characters will be displayed in uppercase, as if you had pressed the Caps Lock key.

Small caps (Capitals). Pressing this button leads to writing capital letters. typeface in the headset, in which the lowercase characters look like small caps. The changes do not apply to letters written in upper case.

Subscript (Subscript). When using this function, the size of the letters is reduced, and the upper boundary of the line is shifted down, while the lower boundary remains the same. If the font does not support a subscript in the subscript, Photoshop generates it.

Superscript (Superscript)

Underline (Underscore). With this function, a horizontal line is set under the line. When choosing a vertical text layout, the right and left vertical underline is possible.

Strikethrough (Strikethrough). Using this function, a horizontal line is created in the middle of a line with a horizontal text arrangement or a vertical line with a vertical arrangement.

Anti-aliasing. The method of text smoothing. The purpose of this parameter is to eliminate the irregularities of small fonts. There are smoothing options: no, sharp, clear, rich, smooth.

Leading This feature allows you to adjust the distance between rows.

Paragraph palette overview (paragraph) Window \ Paragraph (Window \ Paragraph) Consider ways to align text in Photoshop.
Align (text alignment). As you can clearly see on the buttons, you can choose the text alignment to the left, center and right.

Justification(Intervals) and Hyphenation (Transfer) – these dialogs can be entered by clicking the arrow in the upper right corner of the Paragraph palette (Paragraph).
Justification (Intervals). Here you can change the values ​​of Interword and Alphabetic spacing (Word and Letter Spacing), Gyph Scaling

Hyphenation (Transfer). Here you can set various parameters of hyphenation. If you check the Hyphenation box, the hyphenation will be placed automatically.

Indentandspacebetweenparagraphs (Indent and Space Between Paragraphs).
Indent Left Margin

Indent Right Margin + Indent First Line (Right margin + first paragraph line indent)

Add Space After Paragraph (Set Space After Paragraph)

Deformation (Warp) text.
One of the strongest features of the Text tool is the ability to deform any text layer according to your wishes. To deform the text layer, click RMB on the text layer and select “Warp Text” or push the button “Create curved text” (Create Warped Text) in the options bar. You will see the Warp Text settings window.

In the list Style (Style) can choose the curvature option. Switch Horizontal \ Vertical (Vertical or Horizontal) applies the selected style in a horizontal or vertical plane.

Regulator Bend (Degree) determines the degree of curvature
The Horizontal and Vertical Distortion controls additionally distort text in horizontal and vertical planes.

Below is an example of how to deform the text when using Arc Warp deformations at different Bend and Distortion values.

You can deform the Paragraph Text Layer using the Vertical Distortion and the Gradient tool with the Layer Mask.

You can try different variants of text deformation, but you cannot apply a deformation if you have previously used Faux Bold and Faux Italic.

Text Outline (Type on a Path)
One of the most important features of Photoshop was the placement of text along the contour.

Create any curve, and it can be either a custom contour or any of the auto shapes. Move the text tool cursor to it. The mouse pointer changes appearance. Now you can enter text.

The process of creating text on the figure is simple. Create a shape, select a text tool and type. Using a palette Symbol (Character) You can change the font color and size.

Editing (Edit Type on a Path)
You can change the position of the text on the contour. To do this, select the tool Outline Selection \ Path Selection Tool and click and drag the cursor down (as shown in the figure), use the same method to place text in the shape.

Convert to shape (Convert Type into Shape)
This tool converts text into a layer vector mask that can be edited like any other vector shape.

Create a text layer and in the menu Layer \ Text(Layer \ Type) select “Convert to curves” (Convert Work Path) select tool “Contour selection”\ Path selection tool, click on the letter, an outline will appear and pull the control points to change the shape of the letter.

Text Mask tool (Type Mask Tool)
It remains to discuss two more tools: “Horizontal text mask” \Horizontal Type Mask and “Vertical text mask” \ Vertical Type Mask.

These tools do not create a separate layer for the entered text; instead, they create a selection area in the active layer. This selection can be used to fill with color, gradient, as a result we get rasterized text, since it cannot be formatted after applying the selection. The author gives an example of using “Horizontal text mask” \Horizontal Type Mask to create a layer mask on the picture.

Conclusion
The text tool is one of the most powerful features of Photoshop. You need to constantly practice to playfully use the capabilities of this tool. And for you there are no boundaries for creativity with this wonderful tool.

Good luck!

Lesson author: Alvaro Guzman
Translation: Oksana Gudkova
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