STEP 1. Create a new document (600X700px). Download the image with the field on the link at the beginning of this lesson, then move to our document. Scale the image by placing it as in the screenshot below:
STEP 2. We want our background to be a bit out of focus, because at the end of the lesson in the final image, the background will be out of focus, and the foreground images will be more focused.
To achieve this, make sure that your layer with the field is active, then we go Filter- Convert for Smart Filters (filter> convert for smartfilters). Due to this option, we will transform this layer into a smart object, which will allow us to apply filters without loss of image quality.
Let’s go Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (filter> blur> gaussian blur) and apply a radius of 1.0 px.
Next, apply an adjustment layer. Levels (Level), (use each adjustment layer as a clipping mask, so the adjustment layer will affect only the underlying layer, not the entire image).
Settings for the adjustment layer Levels (Level): 14 / 0.96 / 250
Create a new layer, name it ‘lower gradient’. Create linear gradient (linear gradient) from black to transparent, pulling the gradient from bottom to top. Reduce the opacity of this layer to 80%. Due to the gradient, your background should fade out into the darkness:
STEP 3. Download the image from the link at the beginning of this tutorial. Separate the stump from the background, copy and paste it onto our document, scale it and position it in the lower part of the document in the center:
We want to create the impression that the upper part of the stump is slightly tilted forward towards the viewer, therefore, let’s go Editing – Transformation – Perspective (edit> transform> perspective). Using tool Perspective (perspective tool) pull inward by the squares in the corners of the lower part of the framing frame:
STEP 4. We need the stump to look fabulous and lively, so we will make it a little lighter. We’ll start by applying layer styles to the stitch layer. Color overlay (ColorOverlay).
Settings for option Color overlay (ColorOverlay):
Blend mode (BlendMode): Chromaticity (Color)
Colour (Color): 633600
Opacity (Opacity): 50%
Next, apply adjustment layers. Levels (Level) and Color balance (Color Balance). Remember, use each adjustment layer as a clipping mask!
Settings for the adjustment layer Levels (Level): 15 / 0.91 / 250 /
Settings for the adjustment layer Color balance (Color Balance):
Sveta (Highlights): -4 / -1 / -5
Mid tones (Midtones): +12 / +1 / -6
Shadows (Shadows): +9 / -5 / -6
STEP 5. We will add even more light to our stump. To do this, create a new layer, name it ‘light on the stump’. Choose a large, soft white brush (approximately 30% opacity). Brush over the center of the stump, because illuminate this particular area.
Reduce the opacity of this layer to 30% and change the blending mode for this layer to Overlap (overlay).
STEP 6. Download the image ‘Apple’ from the link at the beginning of this lesson. Separate one half of the apple from the picture, copy and paste the selected image onto our document, placing the half of the apple on the stump.
Apply adjustment layer Color balance (ColorBalance) to apple layer:
Sveta (Highlights): +2 / +1 / 0
Mid tones (Midtones): -21 / -2 / -9
Shadows (Shadows): -19 / +15 / -12
STEP 7. In this step, we will work a little with light to make our composition more realistic.
Although there is a source of light directed at the apple, besides this there is another visible source of light located behind the apple (from the setting of the sun). Create a new layer, below the apple layer, name this layer ‘the shadow under the apple’. Using a soft black brush draw a shadow under the apple, the shadow should fall on the stump. Shadow will give more depth and realism to your image:
STEP 8. In order to build the main part in the ‘Apple House’, we need, in essence, to gouge the inside of the half of the apple. This will take a little effort, but there is nothing that we cannot do in Photoshop!
First, select the inner left part of the apple (inside the peel, but without highlighting the core and the central part, all we need is to select only the fruit pulp). Paste the selected image to a new layer, name this layer inner left ’.
In order to give this part more depth, we need to make it a little darker. Apply adjustment layers Hue / Saturation (hue / saturation) and Color balance (ColorBalance) to the ‘inner left’ layer.
Settings for the adjustment layer Hue / Saturation (hue / saturation):
Color tone (Hue): 0
Saturation (Saturation): +50
Brightness (Lightness): -40
Settings for the adjustment layer Color balance (ColorBalance):
Sveta (Highlights): -5 / -11 / -21
Mid tones (Midtones): -26 / +1 / -21
Shadows(Shadows): -11 / +9 / -1
STEP 9. Repeat Step 8, create ‘the inner part for the right side of the apple’:
STEP 10. We apply light and shadow to the inner parts of the apple to make them more realistic and give them even more depth.
First create a new layer, name this layer ‘apple shade’. We will apply the brush only within the boundaries of the inner parts, and not over the remaining parts of the apple or the background. To make it easier, hold down Shift + Ctrl + click on the layer ‘inner left’ and ‘inner right’. This will help you separate both ‘internal parts
Without removing the selection, make sure that you are standing on the ‘apple shadow’ layer, use a soft black low opacity brush to create the shadows. We want mostly shadows to be on the edges of the apple and around the very core. This will help create the illusion that the inside of the apple is flat:
It’s time to add some highlights too! Create a new layer, name this layer “apple highlights”.
This time we will use a soft white brush to brighten the central parts of the inner parts of the apple. Do not forget to change the blending mode for this layer to Overlap (overlay), because This will give a natural and bright light highlights.
STEP 11. In this step we will add a few wooden floors inside the apple. For this, we use the texture of our stump wood. Select a thin strip of stump on a layer with our stump, and then copy and paste on a new layer, put this layer on top of all layers, name this layer “floor”.
Place a wooden stripe in the lower left quarter of the apple:
Now, apply the tool Lasso (lasso tool) to cut a wooden strip so that it fits exactly in the inside of the apple:
Apply ‘floor’ to layer styles, options Color overlay (Color Overlay) andGradient overlay (Gradient Overlay). This will help to give the image a more natural look to the floor, besides this the floor will be perfectly combined with the light inside the apple cavity.
Settings for option Color overlay (Color Overlay):
Blend mode (Blend Mode): Multiplication (Multiply)
Colour (Color): 5f3f00
Opacity (Opacity): 50%
Gradient overlay (Gradient Overlay):
Blend mode (Blend Mode): Multiplication (Multiply)
Gradient(Gradient): 000000 dffffff
Repeat this technique to create several more floors inside the apple:
STEP 12. Download the image of the mouse at the link at the beginning of the lesson by moving it to our document. Reduce the size of the mouse, place the mouse on the top floor inside the apple.
The color shades of the mouse are not well combined with the color shades of the surrounding composition, therefore, we will apply adjustment layers to the mouse layer. Levels (Level) and Color balance (ColorBalance).
Settings for the adjustment layer Levels (Level): 22 / 1.00 / 238
Settings for the adjustment layer Color balance (ColorBalance):
Sveta (Highlights): +1 / -2 / -8
Mid tones (Midtones): +2 / -6 / -15
Shadows (Shadows): -1 / -9 / -12
STEP 13. To make the mouse seem more realistic, we will add a shadow behind it. To do this, duplicate the layer with the mouse; move the duplicate layer a little beyond the original.
Next, go Editing – Transformation – Deformation (edit> transform> distort). We deform the image of the copy with the mouse, shifting slightly up and to the right, where there should be a shadow. Next, select the mouse on the duplicate layer, hold down the Ctrl key and click on the duplicate layer in the layers palette and fill the selected image with solid black color.
To make our shadow look natural, let’s go Filter- Convert for Smart Filters (filter> convertforsmartfilters). Due to this option, we will convert this layer into a smart object, which will allow us to apply filters without loss of image quality.
Then go Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (filter> blur> gaussian blur). Apply a blur radius of 3.0 px. Reduce the opacity of the shadow layer to 25%.
STEP 14. Repeat Step 13, add another mouse to the left side of the apple:
STEP 15. Now, we will add windows to our apple house. First, download the image with the windows by the link at the beginning of the lesson, then cut out one window. Place this window on the right side of the apple:
Apply a layer mask to this layer. Next, select the inner parts of the window within the window frame and fill with black. Due to the black color, we will hide the internal parts inside the window frame and you can see the background of the apple:
Next, copy the original layer with the field. Paste the copied layer below the window frame layer:
Next, on the layer mask, hide the field, except for the area that is located directly behind the window frame. We will create the impression that the windows look out at the same sky as in the background:
STEP 16. Repeat Step 15, this time, add a window to the top left of the apple. You will need the Warp tool to deform the window according to the curvature of the internal structure of the apple:
STEP 17. Open the staircase image from the link at the beginning of this lesson. Using tool Lasso (lasso tool), cut the stairs, then copy and paste on our document. Scale the ladder so that it fits between two spans, i.e. floors. Then duplicate the image with the ladder and move the duplicate to the opposite side of the apple:
If you remember, we used the option Color overlay (coloroverlay) and Gradient overlay (gradient overlay) to layers with floors. Now, right-click on one of these layers and in the window that appears, select the option Copy layer style (copy layer styles). Next, right-click on each of the layers with a picture of a ladder, and select the option Paste style layer (paste layer styles).
STEP 18. It’s time to add the light that comes into our windows!
First, we start by adding shadows from the side of the window to the opposite side, from where the light will come. Create a new layer, name this layer ‘shadow near the windows’. Using a small soft black brush, draw shadows around your windows. Then, change the blending mode for this layer to Overlap (overlay).
The arrows in the screenshot show where I drew the shadows:
Next, create a new layer, name this layer “light in the windows”. Using a soft white brush with low opacity, paint the light shining in each window:
Create a new layer, name it сверху light from above left ’. Download the Light Rays brushes at the link at the beginning of this tutorial. Apply one of the skipped brushes using a white brush, make sure that the angle of inclination matches the direction of the light coming in through the upper left window:
STEP 19. We see that part of the world stretches beyond the central part of the apple, which is undesirable for us. To fix this, apply a layer mask to the layer with light rays and hide the extra light with a soft black brush:
Now, reduce the opacity of this layer to 20% and change the blending mode to Overlap (overlay). Then duplicate this layer and change the blending mode of the duplicate layer to Normal (normal), while maintaining the layer opacity at 20%.
Repeat the same technique for your right window:
STEP 20. You will notice that the light in the sky contains many pink / yellow shades, i.e. it is not strictly white light. This means that the light that enters our windows should have the same shade. To try to achieve this, create a new layer, name this layer “light color shades (pink).
Using tool Pipette(eyedropper tool) select the sky shade pattern (I have a shade: b99aa7). Using a soft brush, move the brush of the resulting shade through the rays of light:
Then, change the blending mode for this layer to Overlap (overlay):
STEP 21. Create a new soi, name this layer ‘light details’. Zoom in and use a small soft white brush to highlight the clear light areas in your image. Try to pay attention to the light source in your image and in particular, where the light can be more rigid and more visible.
I marked several areas with arrows that I made brighter:
Create a new one, name this layer тени shadow details ’. Using a black soft brush with low opacity, paint the shadows inside the apple to accent your light source:
STEP 22. Next, create a new layer, name this layer “bleaching / darkening”. Let’s go Editing – Fill (edit> fill) and fill the layer with 50% gray. Then, change the blending mode to Overlap (overlay). This mode will hide your fill with 50% gray, but will allow you to make light correction without harming your image.
Use soft black brush, approximately 10% opacity to create shadows and soft white brush for clarification. In the screenshots below, you can see the ‘bleaching / darkening’ layer under normal blending mode and blending mode Overlap (overlay):
STEP 23. Create a new layer, name this layer ‘vignette’. Using a large, soft black brush with low opacity, paint around the edges / corners of the image to create a vignette effect. Due to the vignette, we will focus the attention of the observer to the central part of our composition:
STEP 24. Finally, apply adjustment layers. Gradient map (gradientmap) and Levels (levels). Settings for the adjustment layer Gradient Map (Gradient Map):
Gradient (Gradient): within the range of color shades from purple to orange (ranging from purple to orange)
Overlap (Overlay): 7%
Settings for the adjustment layer Levels (Level): 8 / 1.00 / 241
And we finished the lesson!
You can view the final result below. I hope you enjoyed this tutorial and would love to hear your opinion on the technique of performance and the result.