In this lesson we will create a gloomy underwater composition.
Step one. First, open the Ocean Background image in Photoshop.
Step 2. Then go Image – Image Size (Image – Image size). In the window that appears, we adjust only the parameter Width (Width) – 630px.
Step 3. Before you begin to modify the background, it must be unlocked. Double click on the layer and in the appeared window click OK.
Step 4. After unlocking the background, drag the image down. At the top, we will add more water later. Activate Rectangular marquee tool (Rectangular selection) (M) and select the lower part of the ocean without waves, then click on the button Add layer mask (Add layer mask) at the bottom of the layers panel.
Step 5. Select the upper part of the ocean and press CTRL + J to duplicate the selection to a new layer. Then call Free transform (Free Transform) (CTRL + T) and stretch the duplicated area up.
Press again CTRL + J, to duplicate the layer and move the copy up. Do not worry if the water looks a bit stretched. When we finish this will not be visible.
Step 6. Now that the background is completely filled, we’ll adjust it a little. Let’s start at the bottom of the layer we created in the previous step. To hide the abrupt transition, we will use again layer mask . Activate the required layer and click on the create button layer masks.
Now take brush (B) medium sized with hardness (hardness) 0%. This brush will gently correct the edge. Repeat this step for another layer.
Step 7. Import the Shark image. After that, adjust the size and location of the shark.
Step 8. Now it’s time to separate the shark from the background. Perform the same operation as in Step 6, applying layer mask . Activate the shark layer and create a layer mask. Small brush gently remove the area around the shark.
Step 9. You can leave the shark unchanged, but I decided to add a grayish shade to it. To do this, create two duplicate sharks. But before that we change the blending mode of the original shark layer to Overlay (Overlap). To do this, click on the drop-down menu at the top of the layers panel labeled Normal (Normal).
Duplicate this layer (CTRL + J) and change the blending mode to Hard light (Hard light). Now discolor it with the key combination CTRL + SHIFT + U. The image has become black and white. Duplicate the bleached layer (CTRL + J) and change the blend mode to Normal (Normal), but this time also reducing opacity (opacity) up to 60%.
Step 10. It’s time to make the background gloomy. Create a new layer above the layers with a background and fill it with black. Then very big eraser (E) (about 1000px) delete the upper left side of the black background. Decrease opacity (opacity) layer up to 65%. Create another layer and fill it with black. Using eraser the same size, remove the top right of the layer. This time we reduce opacity (opacity) up to 80%.
Step 11. At this stage, we have 8 layers and somehow everything does not look very neat. To fix this, select three layers with a shark and click CTRL + G. Due to this, we have combined three layers into a group. We do the same with five background layers (2 black layers and 3 background layers with the ocean).
Step 12. The work looks kind of empty. Fix it by creating two friends for the shark. Activate the group Shark (Shark) and drag it to the icon New layer (New layer) at the bottom of the layers panel. Repeat this by creating another shark. Decrease opacity (opacity), adjust the size and location of both sharks to give depth to the work.
Step 13. Now, when all the sharks are located in the right places, we will add one more friend to them – the turtle. Load the Turtle image and import it into Photoshop, just like you did with the shark. By the way, in this photo the turtle is swimming to the left. Flip it horizontally so that it floats to the right. We use Edit – Transform – Flip Horizontal (Image – Transformation – Flip horizontally).
Step 14. Remove the background from the photos of the turtle. We do it the same way as with a shark. Create layer mask and brush working around the turtle. But this time, we have to leave a small piece of coral. The edges near the coral should be soft.
Step 15. As you can see, now the tortoise is absolutely not in harmony with the background. Fix it. Change the layer mixing mode with the turtle to Overlay (Overlap) and opacity (opacity) 60%. Duplicate layer (CTRL + J). Set copy copy mode to Hard light (Hard light) and opacity (opacity) 100%. As you can see, the turtle began to look better. It remains only to discolor it. Press CTRL + SHIFT + U or Image – Adjustments – Desaturate (Image – Correction – Discolor).
Step 16. Finishing touches for layer with Hard light (Hard light). Activate the mask of this layer by clicking on its thumbnail on the layers panel. Then a black brush about 300px in size and hardness (hardness) 0%, carefully working near the belly of a turtle. Thanks to these actions, corals and a turtle look more natural. We merge these layers into a group. Select both layers and click CTRL + G.
Step 17. Turtle on the background of a shark flock looks somehow lonely. Let’s create friends for her as well as for a shark by dragging a group with a turtle on the New Layer button at the bottom of the layers panel.
We don’t need corals, so we’ll remove them. Activate mask and small brush carefully remove the excess. We have a turtle in the upper left. Adjust the size, opacity and location.
Step 18. There is one more image that we did not work with. Load the image Coral and import into Photoshop. We have corals in the lower right part of the working canvas. We will scroll the background, as we did with the previous images. Change the blending mode to Overlay (Overlap) and opacity (opacity) 40%.
Step 19. With the main part finished. Let’s start adding small details. Create air bubbles to make the fish look alive. To get started, download Bubbles brushes. Through Preset manager (Set Manager) install brushes.
Step 20. The brushes are already loaded and ready to work, but it is very inconvenient to paint one by one. Therefore, we will make small changes in the parameters of the brush. Click F5. Select brush number 690. In this window we will change:
Size (Size) – 6px;
Spacing (Spacing) – 210%.
Then the Shape Dynamics menu:
Size Jitter (Size Swing) – 30%;
Minimum Diameter – 10%;
Angle Jitter (Angle Jitter) – 10%;
Roundness Jitter (Form Fluctuation) – 20%;
Minimum Roundness (Minimum Form) – 25%.
Scatter (Scattering) – 1000%;
Count (Counter) – 1;
Count Jitter (Counter Oscillation) – 18%.
About other parameters you can not worry. Everything you need, we set up.
Step 21 Create a new layer and choose white as the main color. Then draw the bubbles. Create 1-2 vertical rows near each animal’s mouth and crevices in rocks and corals. You can also add a few to the background. Experiment with size brushes . By drawing bubbles, reduce opacity (opacity) layer up to 20-30%.
Step 22 Now we return to the standard round brush of Photoshop 35px and hardness (hardness) 0%. Create a new layer and select white for brushes . Now we have to draw the rays of the sun passing through the water.
Step 23 Make a small adjustment of the drawn rays. To get started, add some noise. Move on Filter – Noise – Add Noise (Filter – Noise – Add noise). Amount (Quantity) – 16%. Then Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur) with a radius of 22px. Decrease opacity (opacity) layer up to 20%. If your rays are too heavy, create a layer mask and carefully remove the excess.
Congratulations, we have finished creating a dismal underwater composition.