Hourglass in Photoshop

In this tutorial, we will learn how to create a unique hourglass in Photoshop.

You will learn how to create a depth of field with some special tools. You will learn how to combine images using the Brush tool and several adjustment layers so that the alignment is smooth, creating a single picture. You will learn how to create chiaroscuro to make the background look seamless.

Final result

Source materials:

Step 1

Create a new document 1900 px x 1440 px, fill the working paper with a light gray tint: #ededed. Choose a tool Pen (Pen Tool), using this tool, create the top of the hourglass. Remember to create a new layer to create the top of the hourglass.

Step 2

Reduce value Fillings (Fill) to 0%, this option is located below the option Opacity (Opacity) in the settings palette layers. Apply Layer styles (layer style) option Internal glow (inner glow), color: # bdc1c2, opacity 50%. Name this layer “outer glass wall”.

Step 3

Duplicate the “outer glass wall” layer, right-click on the duplicate layer and in the appeared window select the option Clear layer style (Clear Layer Style) to cancel layer style settings. Press the keys (Ctrl + t) to activate the transformation, press the window Keep proportions (Maintain Aspect Ratio), located between the width and height parameters. Set the height value to 98%. Name this duplicate layer “inner glass wall”. Apply the layer styles as well as the settings shown in the screenshot below;

Step 4

Duplicate the “inner glass wall” layer, group all the layers in one group. Name the group created “top of the glass”.

Create a new layer inside the “glass top” group. While on this layer, create another shape. Apply layer styles to the created shape. Internal glow (inner glow) using a dark gray tint: # 43494a, the size (size) 125px and opacity (opacity) 75%. Name this layer “shadow inside glass”.

Step 5

Next, we will create light highlights and reflections. To do this, create a new layer. Name this layer “reflection at the top.” Next, with the tool Pen (pen tool), create an additional shape. The color of the created shape is white. Change the blending mode for this layer to Soft light (soft light), opacity (opacity) 40%.

Step 6

Create two more shapes to create additional light highlights, fill these shapes with white. Name these layers with highlights “reflection in the upper left part” and “reflection in the upper right part”, respectively.

Step 7

Create the lower part of the glass for the hourglass, repeating steps 1 – 4 and step 6. Create an additional shape to create a reflection in the upper lower part of the glass. The color of the created shape is white. Change the blending mode for this layer to Soft light (soft light), opacity (opacity) 40%.

Step 8

Next, we will create the middle section for our hourglass. To do this, select the tool Pen (pen tool). Create a shape, value Fillings(Fill) 0%. Hold Ctrl + click on the layer thumbnail to load the selection, then select a brush and brush color: light gray # d2d2d2. Using a brush, paint along the left and right edges. Name this layer “middle part”.

Step 9

So, merge the layer “outer wall of glass” and layer “inner wall of glass”. To the merged layer, add a layer mask and using a soft black brush, hide the glass areas in the central part. The hourglass should look like in the screenshot below:

Step 10

Next, we will create sand, which we place inside our hourglass. To do this, create a new document: 1000 x 1000 px, fill the new document with a yellowish-brown tint: # b0926c. Next, go Filter – Noise – Add Noise (Filter> Noise> Add Noise). Install amount (Amount) noise 28%. Name this layer “noise”.

Step 11

Move the “noise” layer to our working paper, select the tool Pen (pen tool). Create a sand figure for the bottom of an hourglass. Do not forget to set the value Fillings (Fill) at 100%. Change the color for the created shape to tan: # b0926c, name the layer with the created shape “bottom of the sand”. Being on the “noise” layer, this layer should be located on top of the “bottom of the sand” layer, press the keys (Alt + Ctrl + G) to convert the layer with the sand texture into a clipping mask. You can also convert a layer to a clipping mask via Layer- Create Clipping Mask (Layer> Create Clipping Mask).

Step 12

It’s time to add shadows, for this, select a light brown brush: # a08d76 and with the selected brush, paint over the areas highlighted in red to create shadows.

If everything is done correctly, your result should look like in the screenshot below:

Step 13

Next, we will create light highlights. Choose a soft brush, brush color: # c7b59d, brush opacity 60%. Paint over the specified area to create a highlight in this part of the clock. Create another layer, paint over the top of the sand, set the blending mode for layers with light highlights on Lightening (screen).

Step 14

Repeat steps 11–13 to create sand for the top of the hourglass, additionally create the top surface of the sand to create a natural look. Create another sand layer for the middle of an hourglass using the same technique you used in steps 11-13.

Step 15

Next, we will create loose sand. Switch to the “noise” layer using the tool Rectangular area (rectangular marquee tool), select a piece of sand. Press the keys (Ctrl + J) to duplicate the created selection to a new layer, then press the keys (Ctrl + T) to transform the layer to draw the selected part of sand vertically, apply the transformation again, then right-click on the document and in the window that appears, select the option deformation (warp). With the help of the deformation option, give the selected part of the sand, the shape of the flowing sand. Add shadows to the sand, the result should be as in the screenshot below:

Step 16

First, open the stock image of the earth in Photoshop. We use part of this image in our composition, therefore, we will need to move this part of the image to our working paper.

On the ground layer, select the tool. Pen (pen tool), then create a selection around a piece of earth, once you have created a selection, press the (V) key to activate the tool Move (Move Tool). Clamping the selected fragment of the earth with the left mouse button, move this fragment to our working document. Name the layer with the earth “Earth”.

Next, activate the tool Transformation (Transform tool (Ctrl + T), while on the “Earth” layer, apply scaling to the layer with the ground, as shown in the screenshot below:

Next, to the layer with the ground, add a layer mask.

Choose a tool Brush (Brush tool (B), apply the following values ​​to the brush:

Brush size (Brush size): 400px
Rigidity (Hardness): 0%
Opacity (Opacity): 40%
Pressure (Flow): 100%
Colour (Color): # 000000

Now, paint over the specified area.

The result should be as in the screenshot below:

Next, create a new adjustment layer. Brightness / Contrast (brightness / contrast), this correction can be activated through the lower toolbar.

When the adjustment layer window appears Brightness / Contrast (brightness / contrast), apply the following value:

Next, hold down the Alt + key and left-click between 2 layers (the layer with the ground and the adjustment layer Brightness / Contrast (brightness / contrast) to create a clipping mask.

Next, create a new adjustment layer. Hue / Saturation (Hue / saturation), this correction can be activated through the bottom toolbar. Hold Alt + click with the left mouse button between the adjustment layer. Brightness / Contrast (Brightness / contrast) and adjustment layer Hue / Saturation (Hue / saturation) to create a clipping mask.

When the adjustment layer window appears Hue / Saturation (Hue / saturation), apply the following value:

The result should be as in the screenshot below:

Step 17

Next, open the stock image of Mountain Valley in Photoshop. We use part of this image in our composition, therefore, we will need to move this part of the image to our working paper.

From the mountain valley layer, select the tool. Pen (pen tool), then create a selection around the hill, once you have created the selection, press the (V) key to activate the tool Move (Move Tool). Clamping the highlighted area with the left mouse button, move this fragment to our working document. Name this layer “Hills”.

Next, activate the tool Transformation (Transform tool (Ctrl + T), while on the “Hills” layer, apply scaling to the hill layer, as shown in the screenshot below:

Next, to the layer with the hills, add a layer mask.

Choose a tool Brush (Brush tool (B), apply the following values ​​to the brush:

Brush size (Brush size): 400px
Rigidity (Hardness): 0%
Opacity (Opacity): 40%
Pressure (Flow): 100%
Colour (Color): # 000000

Now, paint over the specified area.

The result should be as in the screenshot below:

Next, create a new adjustment layer. Color Balance (Color Balance), this correction can be activated through the bottom toolbar.

Next, hold the Alt + key and left-click between 2 layers (a layer with hills and an adjustment layer Color Balance (Color Balance) to create a clipping mask.

When the adjustment layer window appears Color Balance (Color Balance), apply the following value:

Create a new adjustment layer. Curves (curves), this correction can be activated through the bottom toolbar. Hold Alt + click with the left mouse button between the adjustment layer. Color Balance (Color Balance) and adjustment layer Curves (curves) to create a clipping mask.

When the adjustment layer window appears Curves (curves), apply the settings shown in the screenshot below:

Next, create a new adjustment layer. Hue / Saturation (Hue / saturation), this correction can be activated through the bottom toolbar. Hold Alt + click with the left mouse button between the adjustment layer. Curves (curves) and adjustment layer Hue / Saturation (Hue / saturation) to create a clipping mask.

When the adjustment layer window appears Hue / Saturation (Hue / saturation), apply the following value:

The result should be as in the screenshot below:

Step 18

Next, open the stock image Path to Avebury in Photoshop. We use the image of the path in our composition, so we will need to move this image of the path to our working paper.

From the path layer, select the tool. Pen (pen tool), then create a selection around the path, as soon as you have created a selection, press the (V) key to activate the tool Move (Move Tool). By pressing the selected path area with the left mouse button, move the selection to our working document. Name the layer with the “Road” path fragment.

Next, activate the tool Transformation (Transform tool (Ctrl + T), while on the “Road” layer, apply scaling to the road layer, as shown in the screenshot below:

Next, create a new adjustment layer. Hue / Saturation (Hue / saturation), this correction can be activated through the bottom toolbar. Hold Alt + left-click between 2 layers, the “Road” layer and the adjustment layer Hue / Saturation (Hue / saturation) to create a clipping mask.

When the adjustment layer window appears Hue / Saturation (Hue / saturation), apply the following value:

The result should be as in the screenshot below:

Step 19

Next, open the stock image Sky in Photoshop. We use this image in our work, therefore, we will need to move the image with the sky to our working paper.

While on the sky layer, press the (V) key to activate the tool. Move (Move Tool). Holding the image with the sky with the left mouse button, move this image to our working document. Name this layer “Sky”.

Next, activate the tool Transformation (Transform tool (Ctrl + T), while on the “Sky” layer, apply scaling to the layer with the sky, as shown in the screenshot below:

Next, add a layer mask to the sky layer.

Choose a tool Brush (Brush tool (B), apply the following values ​​to the brush:

Brush size (Brush size): 400px
Rigidity (Hardness): 0%
Opacity (Opacity): 40%
Pressure (Flow): 100%
Colour (Color): # 000000

Now, paint over the specified area.

The result should be as in the screenshot below:

Step 20

Next, open the stock image tree in Photoshop. We use the tree image in our composition, therefore, we will need to move the tree image to our working paper.

From the tree layer, select the tool. Pen (pen tool), next, create a selection around the tree image, once you have created the selection, press the (V) key to activate the tool Move (Move Tool). By pressing the selected image of the tree with the left mouse button, move the tree to our working document. Name the tree layer “Tree”.

Next, activate the tool Transformation (Transform tool (Ctrl + T), while on the “Tree” layer, apply scaling to the layer with the tree, as shown in the screenshot below:

Next, create a new adjustment layer. Color Balance (Color Balance), this correction can be activated through the bottom toolbar.

Next, hold the Alt + key and left-click between 2 layers (a layer with a tree and a correction layer Color Balance (Color Balance) to create a clipping mask.

When the adjustment layer window appears Color Balance (Color Balance), apply the following value:

Next, create a new adjustment layer. Brightness / Contrast (brightness / contrast), this correction can be activated through the lower toolbar.

Next, hold the Alt + key and left-click between 2 layers (adjustment layer Color Balance (Color Balance) and adjustment layer Brightness / Contrast (brightness / contrast) to create a clipping mask.

When the adjustment layer window appears Brightness / Contrast (brightness / contrast), apply the following value:

Next, create another adjustment layer. Brightness / Contrast (brightness / contrast).

Next, hold the Alt + key and left-click between 2 layers to create a clipping mask.

When the adjustment layer window appears Brightness / Contrast (brightness / contrast), apply the following value:

Next, create another adjustment layer. Brightness / Contrast (brightness / contrast).

Next, hold the Alt + key and left-click between 2 layers to create a clipping mask.

When the adjustment layer window appears Brightness / Contrast (brightness / contrast), apply the following value:

Create a new adjustment layer. Curves (curves), this correction can be activated through the bottom toolbar. Hold Alt + click with the left mouse button between the adjustment layer. Brightness / Contrast (brightness / contrast) and adjustment layer Curves (curves) to create a clipping mask.

When the adjustment layer window appears Curves (curves), apply the settings shown in the screenshot below:

Next, create a new adjustment layer. Hue / Saturation (Hue / saturation), this correction can be activated through the bottom toolbar. Hold Alt + click with the left mouse button between the adjustment layer. Curves (curves) and adjustment layer Hue / Saturation (Hue / saturation) to create a clipping mask.

When the adjustment layer window appears Hue / Saturation (Hue / saturation), apply the following value:

The result should be as in the screenshot below:

Step 21

Next, open the stock image of the Lighthouse in Photoshop. We use the image of the Beacon in our composition, therefore, we will need to move the image of the beacon to our working paper.

From the beacon layer, select the tool. Pen (pen tool), then create a selection around the beacon image. Once you have created the selection, press the (V) key to activate the tool Move (Move Tool). Holding the highlighted image with the left mouse button, move the beacon to our working paper. Name this layer “House”.

Next, activate the tool Transformation (Transform tool (Ctrl + T), while on the “House” layer, apply scaling to the layer with the house, as shown in the screenshot below:

Step 22

Next, open the stock image of the car in Photoshop. We use the image of the car in our composition, therefore, we need to move the image of the car to our working paper.

On the car layer, select the tool. Pen (pen tool), then create a selection around the image of the machine, once you have created the selection, press the (V) key to activate the tool Move (Move Tool). Holding the highlighted image with the left mouse button, move the car to our working document. Name this layer “Car”.

Next, activate the tool Transformation (Transform tool (Ctrl + T), while on the “Car” layer, apply the scaling to the car layer, as shown in the screenshot below:

Step 23

So create a new layer below the layer with the glass base of the sandy clock. Name this layer “Shadow”. Next, select the tool Oval region (Elliptical marquee tool) and with this tool, create a selection under the hourglass. Fill the selected area with black: # 000000.

Next, go Filter– Blur– Blur by Gauss(Filter> Blur> Gaussian blur).

When the filter settings window opens Gaussian blur (Gaussian blur), apply the following values:

And we finished the lesson!

Final result

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