Hello, today, with the help of one of the types of corrective layers, we will create a spectacular, dark fragment from the movie.
As you can see, on the image above, in the “Levels” settings there are the following parameters. 1 – image histogram that serves as a guideline for changing tones. Input levels: 2 – the shadow settings slider (position 0), 3 – mid-tones (1.00), 4 – lights (255). Output levels – 5. Correction of tones with the help of pipettes – 6.
How it works? For example, the left edge of the histogram is the maximum black dot that is in the image. But the histogram does not reach the left edge, indicating that there is no black color in the image. Therefore, by moving the shadow slider to the right, to the beginning of the histogram, Adobe Photoshop will reconfigure the colors so that it measures the black color where the slider stopped. The same with white tone.
Thus, each time you move the shadow slider to the right, or light to the left, making the image darker or lighter, you tell the program a new point of reference, where the maximum shadow, maximum brightness, will be located. At the same time, the Output value will be calculated on the position at which the Input value sliders will be located.
But the output value works the other way around. If the shadow slider on top darkened the image, then the bottom one brightens. Accordingly, the white slider darkens. Moving the slider halftones, you stretch the tone ratio in one direction or another, relative to the location of the two main sliders, light and shadow.
In other words, shifting the sliders, you adjust the brightness, the contrast of individual sections, and not the entire image, dictating to the program the edges of absolute black, midtones and white.
Correction using the eyedropper tool is an alternative to the sliders, but in this case, the user himself determines where to set the white tone or black. Pipette halftone, here there is a really gray color, determines the starting point of gray where it should be.
In fact, this is not so difficult to understand, because everything is known in comparison.
The author used a photograph of a lighthouse in Vieste, from a paid image bank.
Open the image and create a new adjustment layer. Levels (Levels). And edit the tone sliders as follows, as shown in the image below.
We use a number of similar layers. Create another “Levels” adjustment layer on top, and edit it according to the image below. In the “Levels” window, open the menu by clicking on RGB and select the Red channel. By moving the black Output slider, you “increase” the red tint where the dark tones are. Move as well the sliders of the Green and Blue channels, respectively.
Create a third adjustment layer “Levels”. Double-click on the layer mask to open the window. Properties (Properties). Choose a tool Gradient tool (G) (Gradient tool). Color: from black to transparent. Type: Linear gradient. And drag the gradient from the bottom to the top of the image.
Go back to the adjustment layer and change the position of the Input value sliders in the Red channel (if in the Output value red is superimposed with a black slider and white is removed, then in the case of the Input value, red is superimposed on light tones with a white slider, but removed with black). Change the Output value in the Blue channel.
Create a fourth “Levels” adjustment layer. In the window Levels (Layers) move the fourth layer between the main image and the first layer “Layers”. Using tool Gradient tool (G) (Gradient tool), with the same settings, drag the gradient from the bottom to the center, then click Ctrl + I, to invert the layer mask. Go to the level settings, and move the mid-tones slider to 0.39. Using free transform (Ctrl + T), while on the layer mask, change the height of the gradient so that the lower part (in the image this is the earth with stones and grass) disappears in the dark.
Fifth, final adjustment layer “Levels”, create on top of all others. Open the layer settings and move the middle tone a little to the right.
Choose a tool Elliptical Marquee Tool (M) (Oval Region tool), create an oval selection over the entire image area, as shown in the image below.
Press the key combination Ctrl + I, to delete the selected area. Using filter Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur) “smear” the layer mask (adjust the filter settings individually, according to the resolution of your original image).
Change the layer Opacity to 85%.
Create a new, regular layer. Next, run the command information of all layers through the menu Image – Apply Image (Image – External channel), leave the default settings.
Apply the following filters: Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur), radius 0.7 pixels. Filter – Noise – Add Noise (Filter – Noise – Add noise), 5% effect.
The result of adding filters, with an increase.
The final image.
Thank you for your attention and look forward to your work.