In this tutorial, the author will show you how to make toning a photo using the Gradient Map and Curves. And also how to make the maximum match in color with a frame from your favorite movie.
We will use such components of the program. Adobe Photoshop, as: adjustment layer Curves (Curves) and tab Channels, and also learn how to work with such an essential tool as Histogram (Histogram), which is in the main tab Window (window) on the top bar. I hope that you will enjoy this lesson and you will get all the necessary knowledge when working with these tools.
So let’s start:
Looking through many movies, you probably noticed that when creating them, certain colors are used that make the film more recognizable among viewers. An excellent example is the film “The Matrix”, in which the scenes are dominated by a significant superiority of green.
Such color predominance on the screen is called color alignment and the author will show you the technique of using it in the program. Adobe Photoshop.
Author’s Note: to perform this work, we need a reference image, which we will use to apply similar colors. I used the first screenshot from the movie. It is important that the image (reference), which you are guided by color, and your photo were similar in terms of lighting.
Before you begin processing the image, place a frame from the movie as shown in the screenshot.
Let’s look again at the screenshot from the film. Looking at this image, it seems that its main colors are: blue, green, blue and a little yellow. But it is not so!
In order to determine the exact color, defined in numbers, we need a palette Info (info), which is in the window Window – Info (Window – Info), as well as a tool Eyedropper Tool (Pipette) (I), which helps a lot in determining a particular color. So, by directing this tool to those places where we are interested in the numerical value of a color, we will be surprised, because these are not the colors that we see with our own eyes.
For example, clicking on the light lamp in the screenshot, the color that seemed white to us will turn slightly orange, and if you pay attention to the character’s tie, the color that seemed black to us in the shadows will actually be a mixture of green and blue.
Actively using the tool Eyedropper Tool (Pipette) (I), we can easily determine the exact color in the place we need in the image. Thus, those colors that we have identified with the help of this tool will be predominant.
It should be noted that in addition to the standard palette Histogram (Histogram), The histogram can be viewed through the Curves adjustment layer. Create it on top of all layers. We will see that on the left of the histogram much more information than on the right.
And if we apply it as Clipping Mask to the layer with the screenshot, which was also previously placed on the layers palette, we will see that the histogram is much more uniform both in highlights and shadows. The most interesting thing here is the ability to influence the color at any particular point using the same tool. Pipette , which is embedded in this adjustment layer. To select this tool, you need to click on the icon that is marked in red in the screenshot.
Then driving pipette in the image, we will see on the histogram where we are at the image.
After we define the colors in the original image, we can make adjustments to it.
However, let’s take a bit of distraction from the adjustment layer. Curves (Curves) and use another way: image correction using a correction layer Gradient Map (Gradient Map).
1st method: Gradient Map
Create a new adjustment layer. Gradient Map (Gradient Map) and apply a transition from color # 000000 to #ffffff. T. o we will discolor the image, i.e. we will make it black and white, as in the screenshot.
Next, double click on the adjustment layer. Gradient Map (Gradient Map), to open a window with a selection of gradients. Now we will try to transfer the colors from the frame from the film to our image. Double click on the black slider to open the color palette and apply color06140f. Next, by double-clicking on the light slider, let’s select the color in the area from where the light is coming, i.e., on the main light source. (Translator’s Note: This lamp in the car.) Now, put a new slider between the black and light point with the color # 063f4d and position about thirty%. So far, it turns out like this:
And also, put another slider between the central and light point with the color #ba9d50.
So, our picture starts to get a greenish tint. You can try to change the blending mode of this adjustment layer to Color, on either Hue (color tone) and reduce Opacity this layer to your taste.
The location of the sliders, as well as the result obtained, can be seen in the screenshot:
Author’s note: at the end of the color correction with corrective Layer Gradient Map (Gradient Map), can remove it.
2 way: curves
Let’s get started! On corrective layer Curves (curves) click on the RGB panel and a drop-down list of three channels will appear Red, Green (Green) Blue. At the moment, we need to add a yellow color, and for this you need to select the blue channel. If you need to add green color, choose a red channel. Well, if you need to add a purple color, choose the green channel.
So, by choosing the blue channel, take a look at the histogram of the adjustment layer. It can be seen that there is no information at all in the right part, therefore, it is necessary to work with the curve in the place where the histogram is present. To add a yellow color on the forehead and a little on the model’s eyes, select the icon that was already mentioned above in step 1, and click on the model’s forehead. A point should appear on the histogram curve, pulling which we will add a yellow tint. The result with the curve settings on the screenshot:
It became noticeable that yellow is too much in the shadows, so let’s reduce its impact by raising two points along the edges, as in the screenshot:
Adding a yellow tint, we have a lot of pink. To reduce it, let’s move to the green channel and apply the same settings as in the screenshot:
Now there is a need to add a blue tint. To do this, go to the red channel and set the same curve settings as in the screenshot:
We proceed to the final stage of editing. We take advantage of the adjustment layer Selective Color (Selective Color Correction). Place it under a layer Curves (Curves), because you need to apply this adjustment layer to the layer with the original image, but do not turn off its visibility, because you need to see the changes that will occur during color correction. Apply it as Clipping Mask (clipping mask) and make the same settings as in the screenshot:
And that’s what we get:
To add contrast to the image, let’s go back to the adjustment layer. Curves (Curves). To do this, double click on it and in the mode Rgb Set the same settings as in the screenshot. The result is right there:
The previous screenshot is the very result that we were striving for:
The location of the layers on the panel of the same name is shown in the screenshot: