Given the current trends to use high-quality images as a background on the pages of Internet sites, it is very important to provide a high contrast between the text and the background. It is very important that the text is legible, so that site visitors can get the information that site owners want to convey.
This lesson presents 5 ways to improve contrast when placing text over images.
1. Color Overlay
In the image below, you can see that the text is very difficult to read because the background distracts attention. There are too many details in the background, particularly in the bar area. The well-chosen font “Buffalo Wings” was completely lost due to the clutter that created the background. However, in this case, we have the opportunity to improve the contrast.
The first step is to create a new layer, name this layer “color overlay”. Next, select the tool Pipette (Eyedropper) by pressing the (I) key. Using this tool, take a sample of the color tone from the man’s shirt, and then fill the new layer with the selected color tone (Shift + F5).
Finally, reduce opacity (opacity) layer with fill up to 50%, and then move this layer down, placing below the layer with the text.
As you can see, we have greatly improved the contrast. Now, the texture of the “Buffalo Wings” font has become more distinct and more distinct.
2. Drop Shadow Layer Style
In the next episode, the customer asked to add an inconspicuous thin font over the too detailed area of the photo. This situation is extremely undesirable, since It is very difficult to achieve an appropriate contrast between the image and the text.
The first step is to select the appropriate color for the text.
You probably guessed that in this case, we want the text color to be lighter, preferably white.
The next step is to add a layer style. Shadow (drop shadow) to the text layer. Set the opacity to 52%. Also adjust the value Swing (Spread) 16%, including value Size (Size) 10px. Angle(angle) should be somewhere around -144 degrees.
We’ve greatly enhanced the contrast just by adding a layer style. Shadow (drop shadow).
This episode is the easiest way to improve contrast. Simply adding two white lines, one on top and one below the text, will best separate the text and background.
Adding two lines …
…. creates the greatest separation between the two design elements.
4. Figured Blocks for Text
The next way to improve contrast is to add a shading shape block behind the text. This method is a little difficult to describe in words, so I’ll just show it to you.
As you can see, this image initially has too little contrast, it is almost absent. The text is very difficult to distinguish, and the text separator itself is almost lost in the details of the building.
To increase the visibility of the text, select the tool. Arbitrary shape (Custom Shapes Tool) by pressing the (U) key to create a shape block. The figured block can be any form, there is no block of the correct form or irregular shape.
Fill the shape with black and set the color Strokes (Stroke) white, stroke width 3pt.
Next, move the shape block down, placing it below the text layer and the text delimiter layer. Reduce the opacity of the shape block layer to 57%.
The final result looks more professional, and the text is much easier to read.
5. Blur Background
The 5th and last way to improve contrast is a slight blurring of the background.
Initially, the text is very difficult to distinguish in the background.
The first step is to convert the layer with the background into a smart object. Simply, right-click on the layer with the background and in the window that appears, select the option Convert to smart object (Convert to Smart Object).
Next, go Filter – Blur – Blur by Gauss(Filters-Blur-Gaussian Blur).
Set a blur radius of 3.8 px.
Now the contrast is greatly improved, and the text can be easily read.
Hope you enjoyed this tutorial!