The lesson will help Photoshop wizards convert a drawing or photo into an image made up of text characters.
So, let’s consider how to properly put a certain text on a photo so that color transitions will be preserved.
For the lesson we use the well-known poster about the dangers of drinking.
Step 1. Convert a photo to black and white.
It would be better to use the command Channel mixer (Channel Mixing) available from the menu Image> Adjustments (Image – Correction).
Check the box Monochrome (Monochrome) to make the image monochrome (as you can guess from the name of the checkbox itself). We need to achieve a smooth transition of shades, so that in the future, on their basis it would be possible to superimpose text.
Experiment with the sliders so that the result highlights the brightest areas in the image and the darkest.
Step 2. Using a text editor, open any text file, delete the paragraph characters, extra spaces, select the text and copy it to the clipboard CTRL + C.
Step 3. Select from the toolbar Horizontal type tool (Horizontal text) and drag it to the entire image, then press CTRL + V to paste the text from the clipboard. The text color should be # 000000.
If the text does not completely close the window with the image (i.e., you have selected a small text), repeat CTRL + V as many times as the text covers the entire image. Font, font size and typeface pick yourself. I used for the image 2000×2897 pt Arial font size 8 pt, line spacing 6 pt.
Step 4. Make the text layer active and double-execute the “Duplicate layer” command after right-clicking on the layer.
This way you will have three layers with text. For convenience of explanation of the lesson, I renamed them 1, 2 and 3.
Set to the middle layer (in the screenshot it is labeled as “2”) Colour # 8b8b8b.
And at the very top layer (in the screenshot “3”)) Colour #cbcbcb.
Step 5. Rasterize all three text layers by right-clicking on the desired layer and selecting from the pop-up menu that appears Rasterize type (Rasterize the text).
Now turn off the visibility of all the now-existing text layers by clicking on the eye to the left of the layer in the layers palette.
Step 6. Make active our image layer and execute the command Select> Color Range (Highlight – Color range).
In the dialog box of the same name, find the drop-down list. Select (Highlight) and select there Shadows (Shadows).
Click Ok (Yes). You will see that the image under the selection got all the dark areas that we actually need. Invert selection by command Select> Inverse (Selection – Inversion). Make the first text layer visible, go to it and press Delete to clear extra pixels. Press CTRL + D to cancel the selection you created. This is what should happen.
Step 7. Now do the same operation only for Midtones (Midtones) and layer “2”,
then Highlights (Light) and layer “3”.
Note that when loading a selection using Color range (Color range), visible, we should have only a layer with a photo. We created three layers filled with different colored text. These colors correspond to the shades that we loaded by Color range (Color range).
When finished, turn off the visibility of the image layer and create a new layer filled with white under the text layers and get the desired result.
In conclusion, I would like to add that the quality of the finished picture will be the higher, the more successfully you will work in Step 1. Also try to manipulate in Step 3 with options of the font inserted into the image (type, size, “fatness”, line spacing).