Tips for a beginner CG-shnik. Part 3 – Color Theory

TIP 4. No matter how you choose not to learn color theory, you will have to do it sooner or later, but you just need to learn some rules right away.

So, having mastered the most important thing – color mixing, we boldly go into battle and draw, draw, draw. Of course, we hammer on the color theory because there is a lot of reading there, and in general, why do we need this? Yeah … And then, when it would seem, we can already draw more or less nicely, we suddenly hear “little flowers”, “everything is monotonous”, “if the shadows are warm, then the light is cold”, “dirt” and so on. And we immediately fall into a stupor / panic / sadness / rejection (underline the appropriate). After all, how so! How so ?? So, yes, not so. About the theory of color, we then forgot. But not for nothing that is written about her so much.

I will not write here what has already been described hundreds of thousands of times. I advise you to type in the search for “Color Theory” or “Fundamentals of Color Science” and read one full article. Of course, from the first time you do not remember anything. In your head, only the basis in the form of what is color tone, lightness (tone), light, shade, half light, partial shade, reflexes, glare, saturation, heat-coldness, well, and even a small list, is postponed.

Well, then you just need to learn very simple rules that are worth remembering and keep in mind every time you draw. And just remember that they are all interconnected! Over time, you will simply begin to apply them, not thinking about the wording, but you will simply feel and know that this is necessary. Perhaps you will find your way to the attainment of color theory. But while this is all ahead – just remember the following and it will be much easier for you.

Color change in the shape of the subject.
1. By lightness:
– Light color, moving away, darkens.

– Dark color, moving away, brightens.

2. For saturation: moving away, the color of saturation goes out, weakens.

3. According to heat and cold:
– Cold colors will warm up as they move away.

-Warm colors, moving away, will get cold.

4. In the light, the color is lighter, in the shade it is weaker and is distributed in semitones.

5. By heat and cold – if you choose a warm light, the shadows will be cold. If you chose a cold light – the shadows will be warm.

6. Color in the shadow of the saturation of the “lights.” That is, it becomes more saturated.

These rules were very useful to me, since the simple phrase “the farther the object – the lower the contrast on it” at one time introduced me to a stupor, but when I figured out the rules, I fully understood the essence of what was said. I must say that I did not come up with the rules. They are taken from one excellent article on the Fundamentals of Color Science, where this question is disclosed at a very primitive level. I advise you to read it to everyone, but do not forget, in the future, be sure to familiarize yourself with the classic theoretical volume calculations.

Well, to make it clear for those who do not know how lightness and saturation change on the palette in Photoshop, I’ll give this picture that will help you find your way. With warm and cold, you need to act according to circumstances and remember that blue and green are considered cold, and red and yellow are warm.

Everything? Well, practically yes. The main thing to remember is that the color is deceptive. If you read the theory of color, you will understand what I’m talking about. For example, gray surrounded by red will look like blue, and brown among green colors – red, etc. Therefore, know the theory, but do not forget to see what you draw.

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