We draw a realistic eye in Photoshop

Anatomy. At first glance, it seems simple, nonetheless, it is a complex science. The scourge of each artist – you can not go to the next level of professional skill, not having at least the slightest idea of ​​anatomy. Most people never study anatomy, and this leads to a weak creative foundation that leaves constant insecurity in their abilities and artistic abilities.

Therefore, it would be wise to devote some of your creative time to studying anatomy. At first glance, this may seem too insurmountable step, but if you put everything on the shelves, the study of anatomy will become fun and easy for you!

Final result

1. Basics: function and anatomy

All eyes of people have the same shape and structure: an oval with pointed edges, eyelids, eyelashes, eyebrows. You can quickly sketch an eye pattern, and any person will tell you that this is an eye:

In this screenshot, I will show you the following eye elements from top to bottom:

one. Brows: Protect your eyes from dirt and sweat dripping from your forehead.
2 Eyelid folds: are created by the eyelids when the eye is closed. The folds of the eyelids are formed at the top and bottom of the eye.
3 Actual eye opening: when the oval shape of the eye is formed.
four. Eyelashes: Protect your eyes from dirt, strong light or sensory perception. In art, they emphasize femininity.
five. White of the eye: This is the main organ of the eye.
6 Iris: in fact, these are muscles, just imagine! They shrink and expand, increasing or decreasing the flow of light that enters the eye to the lens.
7 Pupil: dark speck in the center of the eye. In fact, we see objects through the pupil, because through the pupil comes the light that forms the image inside the eyeball.
eight. Lacrimal nodule: on the inner corner of each eye. Our tears show through the lacrimal nodules, which have a pinkish tint!
9. Skin fold of the lacrimal nodule: on the outside of the inner corner of the eye, just next to the nodule itself.

2. Different Eye Forms

Although the sketch of the eye that we painted above is recognized as a human eye, the shape of the eyes varies depending on race, geography, and even age!

Let’s look at the most basic criterion: racial. If you look at the photos of different nations, you will definitely notice the difference. Let’s look at a few basic forms to see the difference:

3. Different angle of inclination and perspective

In the screenshot below, you can see the different angles of the eye to show how the shape of the eye changes, depending on how we look at the eye:

4. Eyes: the mirror of the soul

We express a lot of emotions through our eyes. Regardless of the shape and shape of our eyes, we, as human beings, instinctively react to external factors that change our eyes.

We squint, squint, we stagger in astonishing thrill, we open our eyes wide when amazed or when we are scared – just give a few examples.

Below are a few expressions of the eyes that can be caught with a simple human eye. So, try to quickly identify each expressed emotion, as well as outline the lines of expression of the eyes. Practice, so that later you can add more emotions to your characters:

5. Draw an eye

Now we have some idea of ​​the great diversity that can be obtained by using one eye. So let’s continue the lesson and put it all together.

May you have at your fingertips the quick sketch that we created earlier to start creating an artistic product and go on a journey to become the new Michelangelo!

Create a new document. Name the existing Background layer, set the foreground color to # dcb6a3, and the background color to # 963931.

Using tool Gradient (Gradient Tool (G), gradient color from foreground color to background color, drag the gradient from left to right to create a skin color gradient. Next, select a hard round brush in the settings Size fluctuation (Size Jitter) and Opacity swings (Opacity Jitter) set option Pen pressure (Pen Pressure), and also set the foreground color to # 000000.
Translator’s Note: press the key (F5) to enter the brush settings. In the parameters Form Dynamics (Shape Dynamics) and Other dynamics (Other Dynamics), set the pen pressure in the settings Size fluctuation (Size Jitter) and Opacity swings (Opacity Jitter).

Create a new layer. Name this layer “Sketch.” Draw the basic shape of the eye to your taste. You can use the shape of the eye as on the original result or select any shape of the eye that we reviewed earlier!

6. Select the eye: the white of the eye

Step one

Let’s start with the basic framework – this is the white of the eye.

Despite its name “white”, the eyeball is not pure white. It depends on the shades of light gray, beige and red depending on the different blood vessels that pass through it.

To start with it, create a new layer, place this layer between the “Background” layer and the “Sketch” layer. Name this layer “White of the eye”. Set the off-white shade for the brush # ddc6bc and using a hard round brush, paint over the squirrel’s base color over the eyes.

Step 2

Create a new layer on top of the “White of the Eye” layer, then click the right mouse button on the created layer and in the appeared window select the option Create clipping mask (Create Clipping Mask) to the “White Eye” layer. We use this layer for shading.

The eyeball has a spherical structure, therefore, more light will always come to the center because of the convex surface. Conversely, the farther from the center, the less light falls due to the eyelids / eyelashes that create shading, so we will use dark shades.

So, select the tool again. Brush (Brush Tool (B), set rigid round brush shape, turn on options Size fluctuation (Size Jitter) and Opacity swings (Opacity Jitter). Adjust the size of the brush as needed, set the brush color to # 4f241e. Paint over a clipping mask along the edge of the eyeball to create a feeling of light and light and a 3D effect.

Step 3

Choose a darker shade, for example # 220b07. Paint over the upper part of the white of the eye to enhance the shadow that the upper eyelid and eyelashes create.

7. Draw a tear nodule

Step 1

This part of the eye is not covered with skin, therefore, we use more pinkish shades. Remember that there is no clear distinction between the eyeball itself, the flesh and the muscles that hold this eyeball, they all react at the same time and are connected together. Therefore, our pink tint blends with the white of the eye, you will see it in a minute.

Set the foreground color to # 853c2e and the foreground color to # 5e2218.

Using the same brush that you used earlier, paint the inner corner of the eye using a light shade brush and then add shading around the edges using a darker shade brush. Also, add a few strokes of pink color to the white area. In the screenshot below, you can see the result with and without our sketches:

Step 2

Next, set the foreground color to # d77661, and the background color to white #ffffff, reduce the size of the brush. Zoom in so that you can easily work with the details of the light highlights. Add light highlights to the light areas — first use a light pink tint, and then add a little white tint as a final touch. In this way, we create a feeling of a moist environment.

8. Iris and pupil

Step one

Go ahead. Create a new layer. Place this layer between the “White of the eye” layer and the “Sketch” layer. Name this layer “Iris.”

Set the brush color to # 6b3826. Draw a circle in the center of the eye, as in the sketch.

Step 2

The eye with a white pupil looks a bit scary, so, using a black brush, paint over the circle in the center of the eye again to create a pupil.

9. Add details to the iris.

Step 1

It’s time to create a new layer! Place this layer on top of the “Pupil” layer. Name this layer “Iris Details”.

The pupil and the iris are fused with each other in the white of the eye. Let’s just say, they can not be without each other!

So, set the foreground color to # 240b02, then adjusting the brush size, paint over the edges of the pupil and the iris of the eye to perfectly match them. In parallel, add shading to the upper part of the pupil to indicate the area where the shadow falls from the upper eyelid and eyelashes. Do not be afraid to go a little beyond the edges.

Step 2

Set the foreground color to # 54382a, and the background color to # 3f2315. Vary the size of the brush to the smallest diameter. Zoom in so that you can comfortably apply light and dark strokes over the brown area. Try to make strokes coming from the center.

Step 3

Next, we will add more details to the iris. Set the foreground color to # 9b643f and the background color to # 511f05. Reduce the brush size to just a few pixels. Draw small streaks of muscle details. To switch colors, constantly press the ‘X’ key. Also, feel free to add your color swatch samples that you can easily select with the tool. Pipette (Eyedropper Tool (I).

10. Add light highlights

Since our eye looks a bit flat, let’s add some light highlights!

Create a new layer, place this layer on top of the “Iris Details” layer. Name this layer “Light highlights.” Set the foreground color to white #ffffff. First, add a light highlight, and then a more saturated highlight, creating a blurry large white dot. Repeat the whole process, adding a couple of small light highlights:

11. Draw the upper eyelid: curves and folds.

Let’s move away for a second from the eyeball, and work on the eyelid, as well as on the folds of the skin around the eye. From my own experience I will say that the picture looks great when you can see it completely, and not on individual fragments.

Step 1

So, create a new layer on top of all other layers, name this layer “Skin”. Set a dark brown tint # 2c0b02 as the foreground color, and a light pink tint # d3a594 as the background color. Select the desired brush size, start drawing around the outer contour of the eye, always keep in your head the original sketch.

Start with a dark color, and then press the ‘X’ key to switch to a light shade. First paint with a dark brush around the eye, and then using a light brush, carefully paint the inner corner of the eye, where we have a light gradient transition.

Step 2

Observing the details of our original outline, using a dark brown shade, draw a fold above the eye.

Step 3

Next, set the foreground color to # 2b130d, and the background color to # bc8370. First, paint with a dark brush on the outer edges of the eye, and then with a light brush, carefully paint around the folds so that the contour lines do not look too rigid. In this paper, we do not use hard and precise lines, as well as contours, but use soft forms.

Step four

Next, set the foreground color to # d5a197, and the background color to # fcead8. Additionally, extinguish the hard lines of the folds, creating a transition from a dark pink shade to a light pink shade, constantly switching shades by pressing the ‘X’ key. If necessary, you can also use the tool Clarifier (Dodge Tool (O), setting a soft round brush in Sveta (Highlights) by unchecking the option Save shades (Protect Tones) to get bright light highlights. Do not overdo the clarification.

12. Draw the lower eyelid

Step 1

It’s time to switch to the lower eyelid. We use the same technique as before.

If it will be easier for you to draw vertical lines, then you can rotate the image, for this we go Image – Rotate the canvas (Image> Image Rotation) and rotate the image 90 degrees. Again, it will depend on you.

Let’s move on to creating the lower eyelid, set the foreground color to # 9e5b4a, and the background color to #fecfbb. Gently paint the lower part of the eye to align with the lower contour, and then using a light brush, paint over the top by adding light highlights.

Step 2

Next, we will carry out the correction of the lower eyelid.

We will work with four primary colors: # 260f0b, # 642e22, # c88a7c and # eac0a9.

I suggest you draw samples of four colors on a separate layer, so you can easily select the desired color shade using the tool Pipette (Eyedropper Tool (I).

First, let’s retouch the lower right outer corner of the eye using delicate strokes # 260f0b, then move to the shallow crease # eac0a9 to add light shades.

Step 3

Select the brush color # d18465. Paint over the brush below the eye as if you were applying a masking cream. You can also paint over the top side if you think this is necessary.

Next, select the brush color # eac0a9. Paint the outline of the lower left corner of the eye, as well as the tear corner, to add light highlights, as shown in the screenshot below. Pay attention to the second screenshot – it is presented as an animation to show you the difference between the previous step and this step:

13. Skin: retouch

All skin is a bit like plastic, isn’t it?

It’s time to fix it!

Choose a beautiful brick color like this one # c54432, carefully paint around the eyelids, additionally paint the lower eyelid. Do not select them too much – this is not a zombie eye, therefore, it should not be an inflamed eye. Just a couple of gentle brush strokes to add more life.

Once you’re done, change the foreground color to pale purple # 937fa3, and the background color to # b5544d.

Add shadows to the eyes closer to the lower inner corner of the eye. This should help make your eye more natural and alive!

At this stage you can add other small details like chiaroscuro. Again, in the screenshot below, you can view the result in jpg format, as well as an animation comparison with the previous step.

Result in JPG format:

Animated comparison:

14. Skin: add texture strokes

The skin is still too smooth – let’s spice it up a little!

Set the foreground color to # f2c8a0 and the background color to # b5544d. Using the brush “Skin Texture” (Translator’s Note: brush Skin texture), which can be downloaded with a PSD file, gently walk the skin, constantly pressing the ‘X’ key to switch shades. You should have a soft texture, as in the screenshot below:

15. We draw eyelashes

Step 1

It’s time to create a new layer and name it …… of course “Eyelashes”!

Set the foreground color to # 1a0906. Choose a hard round brush. In the settings of the brush in the options Size fluctuation (Size Jitter) and Opacity swings (Opacity Jitter), select mode Pen pressure (Pen Pressure).

Once on the ‘Eyelashes’ layer, begin randomly drawing the eyelashes. Below are a few points to remember when painting eyelashes:
1. Eyelashes are never straight. Always paint your eyelashes slightly curved.
2. Eyelashes are arranged in a chaotic manner. Try to look at the image with the eye, where the eyelashes are painted over with mascara: as a rule, the eyelashes are stuck to each other, and also bent.
3. Eyelashes are always thinner at the tips than at the roots.

Step 2

Next, we add a small 3D look to the eyelashes. Set the foreground color to # e7410e and carefully paint each eyelash.

Step 3

Next, we add shadows from the eyelashes to the outer corner of the eye.

Create a new layer, name this layer “Eyeshadow Shadows”. Change the blending mode for this layer to Multiplication (Multiply), and decrease the value Fillings (Fill) to about 70%. Select the brush you used earlier, brush color # 1f0b07. Draw a few cilia in the lower outer corner of the eye. Next, go Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (Filter> Blur> Gaussian Blur) and apply a soft blur of 1.5 px.

16. Eye details: add shadows for depth

Now we have a more complete picture of our eye, let’s go back to the eyeball and iris for retouching.

Let’s add more “pop-style” to the eye.

Create a new layer, place this layer on top of the “Skin” layer. Change the blending mode for this layer to Multiplication (Multiply).

Set the foreground color to # 6f2719 and with a brush, carefully paint over the lower corner of the eye to enhance the shadows. See screenshot for comparison:

17. Details of the eye: iris of the eye

Comparing with the whole eye, the iris of the eye still looks flat. Let’s work on it!

Step 1

Choose a small hard round brush. In the settings of the brush in the options Size fluctuation (Size Jitter) and Opacity swings (Opacity Jitter), select mode Pen pressure (Pen Pressure). Add a few ray strokes closer to the pupil, as shown in the screenshot below:

Step 2

To create a highlight, create a new layer. Place this layer on top of the “Iris” layer. Change the blending mode to Lightening basics (Color Dodge), and also reduce the value Fillings (Fill) to about 40%.

Next, set the foreground color to # f2c7b4 and with a brush, paint a highlight resembling a crescent on the bottom of the iris:

Step 3

Create a new layer on top of the “Iris Details” layer, change the blending mode for this layer to Lightening basics (Color Dodge), and also reduce the value Fillings (Fill) to about 30%. Choose a soft round brush, set the blending mode for the brush. Dissolution (Dissolve). Using a brush, gently paint around the iris. Next, merge this layer with the main layer with the iris (Ctrl + E):

18. Add small details

It’s time for the final touches!

Step one

First we add the blood vessels.

Set the foreground color to # 5e2219. Choose a hard round brush. In the settings of the brush in the options Size fluctuation (Size Jitter) and Opacity swings (Opacity Jitter), select mode Pen pressure (Pen Pressure).

Reduce the size of the brush to 2 px and gently draw small blood vessels in the corners of the eye over the white of the eye.

Step 2

Next, we will add shadows for depth.

Create a new layer, place this layer below the “Skin” layer.

Change the blending mode for this layer to Multiplication (Multiply), and decrease the value Fillings (Fill) to about 80%. Name this layer “Shadows”.

Set the foreground color to # 3e1408 and using a hard round brush, in the brush settings, use only the option Opacity swings (Opacity Jitter), brush over the edges of the white of the eye.

Next, reduce the brush size to 2 px and with a brush, paint over the light flare on the pupil to create the feeling that the upper eyelashes are reflected on the pupil:

Step 3

Glimpses of humidity.

Create a new layer, name this layer Humidity. Place this layer on top of the “Skin” layer.

Next, set the foreground color to white #ffffff and using a brush, draw a few bright dots along the bottom edge of the white of the eye:

19. We draw a basis for an eyebrow

Step 1

We also need to draw an eyebrow, right?

Create a new layer, name this layer “Eyebrow”. Place this layer on top of all other layers.

Set the foreground color to # 47190b. Choose a hard round brush, in the settings select the option Oscillation opacity (Opacity Jitter) and with a brush, draw a rough eyebrow shape.

Step 2

Choose a tool Finger (Smudge Tool), in the settings of this tool, set a hard round brush, in the option Size fluctuation (Size Jitter) set mode Pen pressure (Pen Pressure). Spread the brow with your finger to create a hair texture:

20. Add details to the eyebrow.

Step 1

Next, select the tool Brush (Brush Tool (B), set hard round brush, in option Size fluctuation (Size Jitter) set mode Pen pressure (Pen Pressure). Add hair to eyebrow:

Step 2

Set the foreground color to # 9a3d1e, in the option Opacity swings (Opacity Jitter) set mode Pen pressure (Pen Pressure), increase the size of the brush a few pixels and then add coarse light shades. You can optionally apply soft, wide strokes to add variety.

Step 3

Last detail, reduce the brush size to 1 or 2 px — and with a thin brush, add light highlights to the eyebrow:

21. Combine eyebrow with skin.

Our eyebrow looks great, but a bit as if glued. To fix this, we combine the eyebrow with the skin, for this, create a new layer. Place this layer below the “Eyebrow” layer. Change the blending mode for this layer to Multiplication (Multiply) or Linear dimmer (Linear Burn), depending on your preferences. Next, decrease the value Fillings (Fill) to about 40%. Name this layer “Eyebrow Matching”.

Increase the brush size, set the foreground color to a dark, discolored brown tint, like this one # 502520, and with this brush, paint around the edges of the eyebrow. Next, go Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (Filter> Blur> Gaussian Blur). Add a 3–4 px soft blur effect to get the result, as in the screenshot below:

22. Selective step: add makeup

Moreover, now we can add makeup to our eyes!

I chose soft shades of autumn # e88f04 and # 572013.

Step 1

For an orange tint, create a new layer on top of the “Skin” layer, change the blending mode for this layer to Chromaticity (Color), and using a soft round brush, paint over the upper eyelid, as shown in the screenshot below. Reduce value Fillings (Fill) at its discretion.

Step 2

Next, the shadows. Create a new layer, change the blending mode for this layer to Multiplication (Multiply). Using a soft brush, paint the shadows in the corner of the eye. Let’s go Filter – Blur – Gaussian Blur (Filter> Blur> Gaussian Blur), blur the shadows if they look too hard.

Step 3

Create another new layer, change the blending mode for this layer to Lightening basics (Color Dodge), and also reduce the value Fillings (Fill) to about 30%. Set the foreground color to # f7b283. First, select a soft round brush, in the brush settings, select the mode Dissolution (Dissolve), and then with a brush, add a gloss effect. Next, select a makeup brush from the kit that you downloaded and with the help of this brush, add a texture.

Great job, we have completed the lesson!
Now you can draw your realistic eye. I hope you enjoyed this trip, and today you have learned something useful!

Final result

Link to the PSD file of the lesson

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